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The Politics of Causation

Texas-styled right. Thomas Pauken’srnThe Thirty Years War is the politicalrnmemoir of a Texas-reared Catholie lad,rnlured to Georgetown University in 1961,rnwho trains in the political trenches of thernYoung Republican organization duringrnthe Goldwater years. Over the next threerndecades, Pauken becomes a pilgrim,rntaking part in or touching virtualh’ all ofrnthe significant political events of hisrntime. I Ic serves...

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Warts and All

REVIEWSrnWarts and Allrnby Thomas FlemingrnThe Poetry of Scotland:rnGaelic, Scots and EnglishrnEdited and Introducedrnby Roderick WatsonrnEdinburgh University Press; 714 pp.rnAnational poetry in three languages isrnhard to describe, much less anthologize,rnand, in fact, the situation is evenrnmore complex since so much good Scottishrnpoetry was written in Latin, a pointrnmade emphatically by Tom Scott in thernintroduction to his...

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Constitutional Disorder

REVIEWSrnConstitutionalrnDisorderrnby George W. CareyrnRecapturing the Constitution: Race,rnReligion, and Abortion Reconsideredrnby Stephen B. PresserrnWashington, D.C.: Regnery Publishing;rn398 pp., $24.95rnThe Supreme Court, as StephenrnPresser laments, has wandered farrnoff course; increasingly its Justices haverntaken to reading their own preferencesrnand prejudices into the Constitution,rnthereby abandoning their solemn obligationrnto act as its guardians by interpretingrnits provisions in accordance with the...

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That Bestial Visor

Philip Larkin: A Writer’s Lifenby Andrew MotionnNew York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux;n570 pp., $35.00nSelected Letters ofnPhilip Larkin 1940-1985nEdited by Anthony ThwaitenNew York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux;n791 pp., $40.00nIn the popular memory the interwarnyears in Western Europe were a periodnof instability, inertia, and poverty or, asnAuden described the 1930’s, “a low dishonestndecade.” ‘ One seldom hearsnabout...

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Acting Up

ists like Michael Kramer of Time magazine,rnJoe Klein and Jonathan Alter ofrnNewsweek, and Michael Kelly of the NewrnYork Times (and now of the New Yorker)rnare ^dumping on the Clintons, Mr.rnWoodward has demonstrated somethingrnJoseph Schumpeter once said: “Selectiverninformation, if in itself correct, is anrnattempt to lie by speaking the truth.”rnHe has shown us that Mr. Clinton...

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Back to the Future

seems to have borne some resemblancernto the Jewish neoconservatives of a laterrnera in his lack of interest in religion. Ofrncourse, J Shot An Elephant is not meantrnto be a theological treatise or statementrnof belief, but rather the story of an influentialrnpopular writer in a time whenrnconservatives still had some say in thernnation’s cultural institutions. Ryskind...

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Catholic Moments

REVIEWSrnCatholic Momentsrnby Paul GottfriedrnCatholic Intellectuals andrnConservative Politics in America,rn1950-1985rnby Patrick AllittrnIthaca: Cornell LMversity Press;rn328 pp., $29.95rnPatrick Allitt’s study of Catholic intellectualsrnand their relationship tornpostwar conservatism is clearly presentedrnand full of stimulating perceptions. Basicrnto this book is the contrast betweenrntwo generations of American Catholicrnthinkers with some connection to thernright: the generation of the 50’s as typifiedrnby...

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A Walk on the Dark Side

OPINIONSrnA Walk on the Dark Sidernby Wayne Allensworthrn”Man’s extremity is God’s opportunity.rn-Thomas AdamsrnBlack Hundred: The Rise of thernExtreme Right in Russiarnby Walter LaqueurrnNew York: Harper Collins;rn288 pp., $27.50rnConspiracy theories have found arnready audience in many countriesrnin many different times. When cataclysmicrnevents shock a country to itsrnfoundations, when people feel impotentrnbefore history’s tidal wave, when war...

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Truth and Public Truth

OPINIONSrnTruth and Public Truthrnby Chilton Williamson, Jr.rn”It is as hard to tell the truth as to hide it.”rn—Baltasar GracianrnChallenging the Civil RightsrnEstablishment: Profiles of arnNew Black Vanguardrnby Joseph G. Conti and Brad StetsonrnWestport, Connecticut: Praeger;rn240 pp., $22.95rnWhile the conservative movement,rnlike the liberal one, has its sharernof dishonest and fraudulent people, liberalismrnis itself an inherently dishonestrnbusiness...

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So Late the Day

The LEP settlement would have beenrnimposed by the victorious Allies on therndefeated Central Powers. This Wilsonrnwanted to avoid, favoring instead arn”peace without victory” negotiated betweenrnequals of their own free accord.rnThe aims of the Allies were no betterrnthan those of the Central Powers, Wilsonrnthought; neither war nor peace should bernbased on national advantage. Wilsonrnhad long hoped...

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More Than a Statue

OPINIONSrnMore Than a Statuernby Thomas Flemingrn”Fame is like a river, that beareth up things Ught and swoln, andrndrowns things weighty and soUd.”rn—Francis BaconrnSimms: A Literary Lifernby John Caldwell GuildsrnFayetteville, Arkansas: University ofrnArkansas Press; 456 pp., $35.00rnSelected Poems of WilliamrnGilmore Simmsrnedited by James Everett Kibler, /r.rnAthens, Georgia: University of GeorgiarnPress; 426 pp., $50.00rnAt the height of...

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What Is to Be Done?

head and shoulders and closed his eelids.rnI felt that I had intruded at a momentrnwhich should have been kept sacred.”rnAn ad-writer for J.R. Reynoldsrncouldn’t have put it better.rnArthur Lubow correctly sums uprnRichard Harding Davis’s place in Americanrnliterary history by saying, “Had hisrnlegend been tarnished by sexual scandalrnor neurotic eccentricity, it wouldrnhac shown brighter in the...

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Passionate and Incorruptible

Passionate andrnIncorruptiblernbyJ.O. TaternKristin: A Readingrnby Andrew LytlernColumbia: University of Missouri Press;rn112 pp., $17.95rnThis beautiful little book—one thatrndoes much credit to its publisher—rnappears as a blessing amid the clutterrnand noise and ugliness that characterizernthe publishing industry as well as literaryrndiscourse today. A pleasure to hold andrnto behold, this volume is also the vehiclernfor rendering words, thoughts,...

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The Dictator and the Scoundrel

The Dictator andnthe Scoundrelnby Alan J. LevinenThe Crisis Years: Kennedy andnKhrushchev, 1960-1963nby Michael R. BeschlossnNew York: HarperCollins;n816 pp., $29.95nTo anyone old enough to recall thenearly 1960’s, the names Kennedynand Khrushchev will provoke a wealthnof emotional associations far strongernthan those evoked by the names of mostnlater Presidents, or of the colorless charactersnwho followed Klimshchev as rulersnof...

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Sheer Christianity

Rather, “Prudence favored reform beforenrevolution.”nStanlis’s chapters on “Burke and thenRevolution of the Enlightenment” andn”Burke and the Sensibility of Rousseau”nconstitute not only a tour de force ofnscholarship, but they serve as a critiquenof modernity. The chapter on thenEnlightenment serves to explain Burke’snapparent skepticism towards reason as anskepticism towards “discursive rationalism”nand “speculative ideology”—ntowards what Maritain regarded as...

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The Siege of Baltimore

The Siege of Baltimorenby Chilton Williamson, Jr.n”Newspapers have degenerated, they may now be absolutely relied upon.”n— Oscar WildenThe Impossible H.L. Mencken:nA Selection of His BestnNewspaper StoriesnEdited by Marion Elizabeth RodgersnWith a foreword by Gore VidalnNew York: Anchor/Doubleday;n707 pp., $27.50nIt is 36 years since the gaseous incorporealnsoul of Henry Louis Mencken,nsummoned before the throne ofnHim in...

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The Craft of Flesh and Blood

that, off and on, in this latest of hisnproductions. So the first thing to say isnthat if you’re looking to be entertained,nthen Amis’s Memoirs is quite a treat.nNow I’ve put it that way so that I willnfeel quite free — as a devoted fan ofnKingsley Amis — to grumble aboutnthese same disappointing Memoirs.nThe book’s a...

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Beyond Hubris

Beyond Hubrisnby Juliana Geran PilonnModernity on Endless Trialnby Leszek KolakowskinChicago and London:nThe University of Chicago Press;n304 pp., $24.95nWith disarming and hardly disingenuousnmodesty, Polish humanistnLeszek Kolakowski describes hisnnew anthology, Modernity on EndlessnTrial, as a loose collection of “semiphilosophicalnsermons” written overnthe course of a decade or so, purportingnto offer no original philosophy. Henadds, as an apparent afterthought,...

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What Is Right?

reform, the collapse of the Soviet Unionnwill be unstoppable.nWill Communist Party ofEcials notnmerely threaten but actually precipitatena war rather than lose power? For annanswer to this, I telephoned Beichmannin his British Columbia eyrie. He hadnjust returned from a fortnight in Washington,nD.C., where he met with seniornCIA officials, apparently. No, hensaid, he wasn’t predicting a vt’orld...

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Fiddling Around

beled paleoliberals. Incidentally, if nonone seems to know quite what to makenof “liberal” when used as an adjective,neveryone seems pleased with the “democratic”nlabel — despite the fact thatn”democracy” has little if any concretenmeaning these days, having becomenalmost pure abstraction; even more abstractnthan the word “freedom,” whichnat least retains a residue of concretenmeaning.nOf far more interest,...

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Piety and Meaning

firmly committed to the Council’snteachings.nFor the great irony is that whatnprevents Molnar from noticing thesenencouraging trends is the same relentlesslynpolitical outlook he (rightly)nblames for most of the post-Councilnaberrations. Unfortunately, that outlooknalso skews his view of the Councilnitself Since, in his view, “civil society”nis “impermeable to conversion” becausenof its very structure, the result ofnthe Church’s “strategy”...

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The Man Who Would Be King

ryman screamed at him for abandoningnpoor Thomas, and then staggerednout of the hospital.”nThe point is simple: HafiFenden’sndead subject has been killed off, or atnthe very least deprived of emotionalnand creative energy, even before thenleap from the Washington AvenuenBridge. We are clearly more informednabout Berryman’s understanding in thenMariani version.nIn Dream Song, Mariani describesnhow a poet in...

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Glasnost I

UnfortunatenMajoritiesnby Wayne LuttonnThe Population Explosionnby Paul R. Ehrlich andnAnne H. EhrlichnNew York: Simon and Schuster;n320 pp., $18.95nTwenty-two years ago Paul Ehrlichnpublished The Population Bomb.nIn an effort to dramatize his thesis, henincluded a number of scenarios aboutnthe future. These tended to obscurenthe thrust of his work, for many viewednthem as predictions. When they failednto come to...

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Education and Community

Liberal Arts and Community: ThenFeeding of the Larger Bodynby Marion MontgomerynBaton Rouge: Louisiana StatenUniversity Press; 171 pp., $27.50nVirtue and Modern Shadows ofnTurning: Preliminary Agitationsnby Marion MontgomerynLanham, Maryland: ThenIntercollegiate Studies Institute, Inc.,nand University Press of America;n186 pp., $29.25 (hardcover),n$14.25 (paper)nPoet, critic, and teacher MarionnMontgomery is known to haventaken a fortnight’s break from a booknproject in order...

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Homme Serieux

“the increasing intrusion of mind intonthe structure of material events.” Economicnforces, he was beginning tonperceive, far from being the determiningnfacts of history, are not even reallynvery important ones. “It took me anquarter of a century to formulate this:nthat the very opposite of not only whatnKarl Marx but also of what AdamnSmith had said is true...

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The Warriors and the War

The Warriors andnthe Warnby Neal F. FreemannThe Long Gray Line: ThenAmerican Journey of West Point’snClass of 1966nby Rick AtkinsonnBoston and New York: HoughtonnMifflin; 576 pp., $24.95nIn the spring of 1962, the great Irishnwit John F. Kennedy journeyed tonNew Haven to accept an honorary degree.nHe was in good form. “I now feelnthat I have the best...

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Bork v. Bork

Bork V. Borknby Michael LindnTempting America:nThe PoliticalnSeduction of the Lawnby Robert H. BorknNew York: The Free Press;n432 pp., $22.50nBattle for Justice: How the BorknNomination Shook Americanby Ethan BronnernNew York W.W. Norton & Co.;n399 pp., $22.50nTwo of the most vilified judges innUS history have probably beennJudge Robert H. Bork and Chief JusticenRoger Taney. Both gained notorietynearly...

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Poetry You Can Read

“Y^^i^”.nPoetry You Can Readnby R.S. Gwynnn”It seemed so simple when one was young and new ideas were mentioned not tongrow red in the face and gobble.”n— Logan Pearsall Smithn-^^-^^J^’ -â„¢:2^ai^- -nExpansive Poetry: Essays on thenNew Narrative & the NewnFormahsmnEdited by Frederick FeirsteinnSanta Cruz: Story Line Press;n262 pp., $24:95 (cloth),n$15.95 (paper)nIn his introduction to the 1962...

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The Ties That Bind

OPINIONSnThe Ties That Bindnby Jean Bethke Elshtainn’The state has no tool dehcate enough to deracinate the rooted habits andntangled affections of the family.” — G.K. ChestertonnFamily Questions: Reflections onnthe American Social Crisisnby Allan C. CarlsonnNew Brunswick: Transaction Books;n335 pp., $34.95nAllan Carlson is a humane man, anneffective polemicist, a dedicatednfamilialist, and a scholar trained in macroeconomicntheory...

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Objection Sustained

objective: containment was, or nationbuilding,nor winning hearts and minds.nAnd in the Army this meant thatnwarriors were no longer required, exceptnin limited roles. Officers werenmanagers, and soldiers were only requirednto go through the motions ofndoing their jobs.nThis wasn’t Hackworth’s way. Thenbattlefield taught him some quick andnbloody lessons, some of which werensurprising — “Tuy Hoa proved to...

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Roots of Radicalism

Parting the Waters: America in thenKing Years, 1954-63nby Taylor BranchnNew York: Simon & Schuster;n1064 pp., $24.95nMagisterial works of history arenalmost always informed by antragic sense of life. Some recall epochalntransformations that were as lamentablenas they were inescapable. Still othersndramatize the clash of two valid, butnirreconcilable, principles. Among thenlatter, certainly, are the best recreationsnof our own...

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Old Possum in His Letters

The Letters of T.S. Eliot:nVolume I, 1898-1922nedited by Valerie EliotnSan Diego, New York, London:nHarcourt Brace Jovanovich;n639 pp., $29.95n^ ^ T think one’s letters ought to benX about oneself (I live up to thisntheory!) — what else is there to talknabout? Letters should be indiscretionsn— otherwise they are simply ofEcialnbulletins.” So T.S. Eliot remarked tonhis Harvard...

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A Way Out

Lynch, a former beauty queen at WakenForest University and the niece ofnNorth Carolina’s first woman SupremenCourt justice. Although Susie seemednan unlikely suspect in murders involvingnher own parents as well as membersnof the Lynch family, there werensome puzzling circumstances. Fromnchildhood Susie had been an impetuousnand high-strung girl, prone tonsudden outbursts of rage. At the age ofn24,...

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Enduring Wisdom

301 CHRONICLESntime, yields superman.nAldrich surely does not intend suchna conclusion, for he betrays a complicatednsensibility in attributing his ownnnoblesse oblige to something callednpietas. I would like very much tondefine what he means by the word, butnonce again poetry works against him.nDescribing its effects — a reverence forngrandparents, a sense of history, anvague belief in eternal...

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Play It Again, Alger

341 CHRONICLESnMontgomery calls a “second generationnFugitive-Agrarian”) have termednNominalism. Montgomery concludesnthat the Southerner is “by nature annantinominalist,” demonstrating hisnantinominalism no more plainly thannwhen he begins his recipe for possumnwith the instruction: “First, catch anpossum.” But this antinominalism isnnot merely the result of a desire fornprecise instruction in the doing of anthing. Antinominalism — as the referencento...

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American Piety, Then and Now

American Piety, Then and Now by K.L. Bnungsieyn”All the good the Savior gave to the world wasncommunicated through this book [the Bible]. Butnfor it we could not know right from wrong.”n—Abraham Lincolnn”The Cosby Show is the greatest teacher of moralsnin American society.”n— Sheldon Hackney, president,nUniversity of PennsylvanianVoices From the Heart: FournCenturies of American Piety bynRoger...

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Stardust

Stardust by Dabney Stuartn”Not till the Hre is dying in the grate/nLook we for any kinship with the stars.”n— MeredithnSource by Fred Chappell, BatonnRouge, LA: Louisiana StatenUniversity Press.nThe post-Wodd War I shatterednvisions of Pound and EHot arenperhaps fundamentally less differentnfrom the incoherencies of Kerouac andnCorso, the randomly referential allegorynof Ashbery, or the associativenanarchy of Bly...

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Ages in Chaos

Ages in Chaos by Samuel Francisn”In history tlie way of anniliilation is invariablynprepared by inward degeneration. . . . Only thenncan a shock from the outside put an end to thenwhole.”n— BurkhardtnTreason in Tudor England:nPolitics and Paranoia by LaceynBaldwin Smith, Princeton:nPrinceton University Press; $25.00.nConspiracy of Silence: The SecretnLife of Anthony Blunt by BarrienPenrose and Simon...

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Study in Scarlet

46 / CHRONICLESnStudy in Scarlet by Joseph Schwartzn”The Western custom of one wife and hardly anynmistresses.”n—H.H. MunronRoger’s Version by John Updike,nNew York: Alfred A. Knopf; $17.95.nRoger’s Version, John Updike’s latestnnovel, can be understood bestnif seen in intimate and serious connectionnwith Nathaniel Hawthorne’s ThenScarlet Letter. First, the cast of characters:nHester (Esther), Arthur Dimmesdalen(Dale Kohler), Roger Chillingworthn(Roger...

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Sums of Disenchantment

38 I CHRONICLESndue to the U-2 incident and othernissues is interpreted as a capitulation tonthe Chinese, who distrusted a Soviet-nAmerican accord. It seems more hkelynthat a Soviet desire to catch up innnuclear weapons had to be the primenmotivator—not a concern for Chinesenopinion.nThe authors also believe that thenSoviets sensed President Kennedy’snstrong resolve through his meetingnwith Khrushchev...

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Love and Death

32 / CHRONICLESnInvasion of thenChild-SnatchersnThe Child Abuse Industry: OutrageousnFacts & Everyday RebeUionsnAgainst a System that ThreatensnEvery North American Family bynMary Pride, Westchester, IL: CrosswaynBooks; $8.95.nWho has more rights in the Americannjudicial system—a man accused ofnmurder or one accused of child abuse?nThe accused murderer is guaranteednthe good old English right of trial bynjury; he’s presumed innocent...

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Reenchanting the World

26 / CHRONICLESnReenchanting the World by Herbert Schlossbergn”Do not seek to become a god. “nUnmasking the New Age by DouglasnR. Groothius, Downers Grove, IL:nInterVarsity Press; $6.95.nUnholy Spirits: Occultism and NewnAge Humanism by Gary North, Ft.nWorth, TX: Dominion Press;n$19.95.nOnce we begin to see that wenare all God, that we all haventhe attributes of God, then Inthink...

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More Money Than God

More Money Than GodnOPINIONSn”How shameless and how greedy all these peoplenare!n—Fyodor DostoevskynGreed and Glory on Wall Street:nThe Fall of the House of Lehman bynKen Auletta, New York: RandomnHouse.nCaptain Money and the GoldennGirl The J. David Affair hy DonaldnC. Bander, New York: HarcourtnBrace Jovanovich; $15.95.nMetal Men: Marc Rich and then10-Billion-Dollar Scam by A. CraignCopetas, New York:...

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Barroom Psychiatry

Amazing Gracenby Carl C. CurtisnThis Grace Given by David H.C.nRead, Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.nIn the New College at Edinburgh inn1934, young divinity students stimulatednthemseKes by turning over old andnnew ideas: Calvinism, Barthianism, thenrole of the bod’ of Christ in the world,nthe form of the liturgx, the purpose ofnmissions—in other words, the samenissues that, mutatis mutandis,...

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Madman in the Dock

32 / CHRONICLESnin the merchant marine increased,nthough, and the non-Slavic nationalitiesndefected in greater numbers thannbefore.nThe KGB list ends in 1969, butnKrasnov has searched available sourcesnto give us an accurate picture of defectorsnsince then. In the 1970’s, 300,000nSoviets, mosdy Jews, immigrated legally.nThis wave of immigration, tied tondetente, the pressure of dissidents, andnWestern publicity, ended in 1979.nNonetheless,...

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The Chapel and the Voting Booth

20 / CHRONICLESnOPINIONSnThe Chapel and the Voting Boothn”J do not yet see the absolute necessity of extirpatingnthe Christian religion from among us.”n—Jonathan SwiftnReligion in American Public Life bynA. James Reichley, Washington, DC:nThe Brookings Institution.nIam sure it is possible to praise toonhighly James Reichley’s Religion innAmerican Public Life, but it wouldntake some doing. Reichley, a SeniornFellow...

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A Voice From Down South

OPINIONSnA Voice From Down Southn”Had he been even a Yankee, this genius would havenbeen rendered immediately manifest to his country-nmen.nM.E. Bradford: Remembering WhonWe Are: Observations of a SouthernnConservative; University of GeorgianPress; Athens, GA; $15.95.n^ ^ A 11 a rhetorician’s rules,” weni. learn from Hudibras, “teachnhim but to name his tools.” ProfessornBradford, who knows much about...

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Waste of Money

late defender” of “the Judeo-Christianntradition” but as a characterization it isncloser to the mark than the usual invectives.nAn index (not to mention proofreading)nwould have increased the usefulnessnof this book. ccnMedia QuislingsnJames L. Tysonr Target America: ThenInfluence of Communist Propagandanon U.S. Media; Regnery Gateway;nChicago.nMost Americans understand thatn”news” from Tass is about as reliable asnpromises from real-estate...