inner contradictions to expand its controlnand to refine its instruments.” Desperately,n”every worker makes his or hernown little extra-deal, depending on particularnjob and specific situation,” butnthen all “has been standardized, rationalized,nanonymized.” What, alas, cannbe done? P.M. advocates the destructionnof industry and the state throughnsabotage and violence.nThe new order will lead to “directnrelations of material exchange betweennfarmers and city-dwellers,” who willnadopt a new language—“a strictlynsubjective . . , reality of dreams”—nthat P.M. has conveniently outlined innhis (or her) text(e). The reader mustnwend his way through the twisted prosenof “trico” and “taku,” of “kana,”n”yalu,” “pali,” and “tega,” each symbolicnof the simplified transactions ofnthe new age. P.M.’s cuneiform economics,nafter 20 or 30 pages, ceases tonbe amusing; it becomes an overwroughtnbore, and the reader marvels only at thenperseverance of even the proofreadern(who, incidentally, appears to have neglectednhis work).nNow all this is too pathetic to benoffensive, so why grouse? If a straynovereducated Manhattanite envisions anmind-numbing utopia, surely that’s noncause for indignation. But there remainsnthe question of how the NewnYork State Council on the Arts spendsntax money. Were there a State Councilnon Political Utopias (and the idea isnMOVING?nLET US KNOW BEFORE YOU GO!nTo assure uninterrupted delivery ofnChronicles, please notify us in advance.nSend change of address on this form withnthe mailing label from your latest issue ofnChronicles to: Subscription Department,nChronicles, P.O. Box 800, Mount Morris,nlUinois 61054.nName_nAddress_nCitynState_ _Zip_n401CHBONICLESnprobably now in committee somewhere),nP.M. might legitimately applynto them for public largesse. But Bolo-nBolo deserves no consideration as art,nnot even as that dubious sort of “politicalnart” so abundant today. No matternhow capricious and bizarre our aestheticnstandards have become, I can onlynwonder what justification the dons atnColumbia University had in mindnwhen they brought out Bolo’Bolo withnpublic money intended for the arts.nTaxpayers are entitled to an explanation.nCOnWilliam C. Rice is a fiction writer innPhiladelphia.nBetween Sao Paulonand Tel Avivnby Edward S. ShapironSol M. Linowitz: The Making of anPublic Man: A Memoir; Little,nBrown; Boston; $19.95.nSol M. Linowitz’s autobiography tellsnonce again the classic story of the successfulnAmerican. Son of a middle-classnJewish wholesale fruit dealer from NewnJersey who was impoverished by thenGreat Depression, Linowitz attendednHamilton College on a partial scholarship,nfinancing the rest of his educationnby waiting on tables, working in thencollege library, and selling Christmasncards. He graduated as class salutatoriannand received a scholarship to the CornellnUniversity Law School. Whilenstudying law, he continued to wait onntables, played violin in an orchestra,nand held a job funded by the NationalnYouth Administration. He also wasneditor-in-chief of the Cornell LawnQuarterly and in 1938 graduated first innhis class. He then joined a small butnprominent Rochester law firm. DuringnWorld War II, Linowitz worked for thenOffice of Price Administration andnserved in the Navy. In 1945, he returnednto Rochester to practice law,nbecame involved in Rochester civic activities,nand formed a close friendshipnwith Joe Wilson, a prominent Rochesternbusinessman and scion of one of thencity’s first families. This relationshipnwith Wilson was to bring Linowitznfame, fortune, and power.nWilson was president of Haloid Corporation,na manufacturer of photographicnpapers and machines whichnoperated in the shadow of Rochester’snmajor firm, the Eastman Kodak Company.nWhen Wilson hired Linowitz,nnnthe Haloid Corporation was feverishlynattempting to develop a new copiernbased on the scientific work of ChesternCarlson, a then-unknown inventor.nHaloid, of course, soon became thenXerox Corporation, while Carlson’sncopier eventually became the Xeroxn914, one of the most socially significantnand profitable inventions in Americannhistory.nInitially Linowitz handled Haloid’snlicensing and patent development legalnwork. In 1959 he became chairman ofnthe company’s executive committee,nwith responsibility for government relations,nacquisitions, and internationalnventures. In 1961, when Haloid becamenXerox, Linowitz was namednchairman of the board and later becamenchairman of Xerox International. Hopingnto develop a Latin American market,nhe traveled to South America inn1965 to recruit potential partners and tonmeet government officials. Fascinatednwith the continent’s vitality and enterprisenand troubled by the region’s problems,nLinowitz accepted an appointmentnby Lyndon Johnson in 1966 to benboth ambassador to the Organization ofnAmerican States and the American representativento the Inter-American Committeenof the Alliance for Progress, Andecade later Jimmy Carter selected himnto negotiate new arrangements withnPanama regarding the Canal. The twonchapters devoted to the Panama Canalntreaties are by far the most valuablenones in Linowitz’s memoir. Linowitz’snfinal government service was as PersonalnRepresentative of the President fornthe Middle East Peace Negotiations inn1979-80, when he unsuccessfully attemptednto negotiate an agreement betweennAnwar Sadat and MenachemnBegin on the question of Palestiniannpolitical autonomy.nThe Making of a Public Man isnremarkably reticent, though, regardingnthe inner workings of the Xerox Corporation,nthe making of American foreignnpolicy, and Linowitz’s own private life.n(As an aside, he does mention that henhad the good sense to reject the presidenciesnof three unnamed universities.)nIn part, this reticence is intentional.nLinowitz does not believe in kiss-andtellnmemoirs. It “would impinge uponnthe necessary trust between attorneynand client,” he argues, “if I were tondescribe in the context of personalnmemoirs the work I have done as anlawyer for particular clients.” Whatnwe have instead is the public life of anliberal businessman and part-timenambassador.nLinowitz believes in all the liberalnpieties, including the Alliance for Prog-n