Editorial Commentn(continuedfrom page 5)nSecretary, Mr. Anthony Eden, had planted the idea of givingnaway the Eastern Polish territory in Roosevelt’s head as early asnMarch 1943- One may guess that Churchill’s disappointmentnwas in the fact that Roosevelt gave away freely and withoutnbargaining. But Mr. Roosevelt gave away in order to appearnamenable. He did so at the time the German army wasnhundreds of miles inside the Soviet Union, and if someone wasndesperate and dependent, it was the Soviet Union. Rooseveltnmade his arrangement without consulting with the PolishnGovernment in London, the faithllil ally whose soldiers werengiving their lives fighting under the Allied command fromnAfrica to Norway, and whose 700,000 (350,000 front line plusn350,000 supporting services) soldiers of the Polish UndergroundnMovement (A.K.) were effectively tying over onenmillion German soldiers in occupied Poland. Not only did hennot consult the Poles, he lied to them by suppressing his dealnwith Stalin. In fact, Roosevelt was lying to the American people.nIn his Message to Congress on January 11, 1944, in regard tonTeheran he stated that “no secret treaties or political ornfinancial commitments” were made. In the same spirit henwrote to a Congressman of Polish origin, Joseph Mruk (R-NewnYork), “no secret commitments were made by me at Teheran.”nHis lies continued. On June 7, 1944, Roosevelt said to PolishnPrime Minister Mikolajczyk, “I will see to it that Poland doesnnot come out of the war injured,” but he failed to mention thatnhe had already given away 70,049 square miles of Polishnterritory to Stalin at Teheran. Mr. Mikolajczyk is on recordnsaying that “the deal” at Teheran surfaced in confrontationnbetween him, Stalin, ChurchiU, and Harriman in Moscow onnOctober 13,1944.nX he Polish territory was not the only pawn given away atnRoosevelt’s convenience; so was the Polish government.nRoosevelt’s opening statement at Yalta at the fourth plenarynmeeting of February 7, 1944, specifically addressed to Stalinnand Churchill was: “I am not concerned with frontiers. I amnlikewise not so concerned on the question of the continuity ofnthe (Polish) government. There has not really been any Polishngovernment since 1939 .I discard the idea of continuity [ofnI RENOUNCE YALTA.nthe Polish Government-in-Exile].” He discarded thatnGovernment which had led its people since 1939 for 2078ndays in fighting against Germany. No other country in WorldnWar II fought so long against nazis. Each day cost the Polesn3000 human lives. As Stanislaw Mikolajczyk wrote in The Rapenof Poland (McGraw-Hill; New York; 1948), 800,000 Polesnwere killed in battle; thousands more died in concentrationncamps, prisons, and street executions.nMr. Harriman, who demonstrated some distress ofnconscience, suggested in January 1944 that Poles be told aboutnRoosevelt’s deal with Stalin. The President and then-Secretarynof State Cordell Hull vetoed this suggestion.nJust as the President chose not to disclose information aboutnTeheran to the United States Congress, he also covered up hisndealing at Yalta. At Yalta an agreement was signed that was notnincluded in the formal text. It contained two secret accords:none gave the Soviets the Kuril Islands, previously a Japanesenterritory (among other Far East concessions); the second partnpromised the forcible return of Soviet citizens from Alliednzones to the Soviet Union. It was Mr. Eden who promoted thenlatter idea and steered it through the British Cabinet. Thenresults of it were shameful; as Sulzberger writes in Such anPeace: “in Odessa the Soviet citizens were being taken off thenship upon arrival, and shot in batches behind the buildings.” Itnwas tragic to witness American soldiers armed with cudgelsnherding Soviet citizens in West Germany into cattle trains to bentaken to the Soviet Union. Nevertheless, on March 1,1945,inanreport to Congress on his trip to Yalta, Roosevelt did notnmention the Agreement for the forcible return of Sovietnnncitizens. Moreover, he specifically denied that he hadndiscussed the Far East (Kuril Islands) at Yalta.nOther United States Presidents did not condone the YaltanAgreement. President Truman, who was normally wellndisposed toward the Soviets, within 48 hours of taking office,nproposed to Churchill to send a telegram to Stalin protestingnthe breaking of Yalta commitments in regard to Poland. Also,nPresident Eisenhower submitted a Resolution on February 20,n1953, rejecting the Teheran and Yalta Agreements innunequivocal language:nthat the United States rejects any interpretation or applicationsnof any international agreements or understandings, maden_ B 3 1nJuly 1984n