new honors in American cultural life.nDr. William Bennett, Chairman of thenNational Endowment for the Humanities,ncaptured the independent nature of thenawards in his observation: “The first time Inheard about these awards was when 1 receivednthe invitation to this announcementnparty. No one asked the Endow­nLetter from Florence:nThe Technocratic Temptationnby Thomas MolnarnThe various institutions of the CommonnMarket have been almost equallynallocated to its member nations, withnthe founding Germans and French retainingnthe bulk Italy was a kind of Johnnycome-lately,nemerging after the economicnand legal bureaucracies were already innplace, but it was only natural to allocatenthe Common Market’s cultural institutionsnto the country of Dante and Michelangelo.nThus, the European UniversitynInstitute (EUl) was established nearnFlorence in an old abbey where thenPlatonic Academy held its sessions undernLorenzo and Cosimo Medici.nThe University, unique in that it isnfinanced by the European Parliamentn(i.e., by the 10 participating governments),nis nevertheless autonomous,nwith a Principal—currendy Dr. Mayhofer,nGermany’s former minister of justicenand a liberal—who is the liaison man betweennthe faculty and the commissionnthat allocates funds. And here some paradoxesnare immediately evident. The EUInis located among the Tuscan hills; onencan see Florence not more than 10 mUesnaway; in another direction is the Guicciardininsummer residence and the villanI Tatti—where Bernard Berenson, deannof art historians, held forth for decadesnsurrounded by magnificent gardens andnpriceless works of art. Such a milieunwould naturally attract students of liberalnarts, devoting themselves to PlatonDr. Molnar is visiting professor of religiousnstudies at Yale University.nment for a nickel, God bless you. Andnthat’s what it’s all about. As a free society,nwe are glad to see lots of different peopleninterested in cultural improvements.nI’m delighted to see this.”nThe first recipients of these $15,000nprizes will be named in Decembern1983. Dnor the Etruscans, to Machiavelli (whosenstudy room is almost intact since thenmoment he stopped tormenting Europe’s,nat the time still Christian, conscience),nor to the myriad aspects of the Renaissance,nall available for reflection and admirationnin the city of Dante, Leonardo,nand Galileo. And the students do come,n120 at present (later the 200-studentnlimit will be reached), living in Florencenon a modest stipend from their respectivengovernments. All are postgraduatenscholars, many of whom have alreadyknownnnames. As a lecturer for a weeknin May, I had the opportunity to admirenthe range of their knowledge and interest,nto read their papers, to talk with themnabout Rousseau’s concept of nature,nGrotius’s Aristotelian roots, and the conceptnof war and peace throughout thenages.nThe question is: do the hurried Eurobureaucratsnwho finance this Universitynhave a real appreciation of such studiesn—^beyond mere lip service? Or are theyninclined to demand “efficiency” from alln”European” institutions, hoping, tacidynat least, that the EUl would devote itselfnto the cause of Continental integration?nThe latter objective would mean thatnlegal, economic, and political projectsnwould be stressed over the so-called culturalnones; everything that promotes integrationn(homogenization?) bringsnsmiles to the European technocrats’nfaces, and anything not so “useful” endangersnthe dossier presented by thenPrincipal.nSuch problems are common wherevernuniversity curriculum depends large­nly on the bonplaisir of government officialsnor boards of trustees. In the case ofnFlorence, the bureaucratic managementnmust be multiplied by 10 (the numbernof Common Market member governments);nthen, the invisible tentaclesnemerging from the Brussels headquartersnmust be added. The sum is staggering.nTrue, the EUI is still young, founded inn1976, and the professors, all of themntemporary and untenured, may be ablento fight the trend toward technocratization.nBut human nature being what it is,nsome, the majority, prefer to accommodatenthe administration; only a minorityntries to increase the number of coursesnsuch as history, philosophy, art, religion,netc. Hence the clashes which divide thenfaculty, their student supporters, andncertain members of the staff. So far, thenadministration understands how to profitnby such divisions, which emphasize thenobvious firagility of the institution, giving itnan air of provisionality—^in a city that impressesnone with its age and permanence.nHere is one example of a major issueninvolved in determining the course thatnthis university is likely to take. Quite bynSend for your complimenlaryncopy of The Rockford Insti-n; tute’s Annual Report featur-nI ing the work of the eminentnartist and designer WarrennI Chappeil.nI Mall this coupon to:nThe Rockford Instituten9J4 North Main StreetnRockford, IL 61103n•^cirm-n, •ilcln”i’.nnnl.rt Si.iio Zipn••^^^^41nSeptember 1983n