the human mind automatically fallsnwhen left to itself”nThroughout the book, Molnar spotlightsnthe metaphysical chasm betweennpaganism and Christianity, leaving nonroom for syncretistic fancies about “perennialnphilosophies” (Aldous Huxley)nor “primordial traditions” (HustonnSmith) that somehow unite all religiousnexpression. Molnar demonstrates justnthe opposite and often adds apologeticnpunch to the exposition: “Human beingsnare not part of the substance ofnGod, nor do they contain divine ‘sparks’nin their souls. Only by distinguishingnbetween humanity and divinity can wengive full credit and respect to reason andnits exploration of God and nature; tonhistory, which is human action alwaysnlovingly watched by God; and to faith,nwhich is not a reabsorption into thendivine but a state of trust in the goodnwill of the Father.”nThe “pagan revival” commencednwhen Christian thinkers provided favorablencircumstances for paganism by advocatingnan arid rationalism devoid ofnwhat Molnar calls “mythical imagination.”nMolnar’s exposition of this developmentnin the Middle Ages is an insightfulnreflection on the challenge ofnfaithfully and reasonably integratingnfaith and reason. Although he rejectsnthe pagan world view, Molnar understandsnit as catering to the human neednfor imaginative symbols, rites, and ceremonies—nthat mysterious sense of thensacred not exhausted by ratiocination.nInasmuch as Christian thinkers (consciouslynor unconsciously) sheerednChristianity from the sacred, they fosteredna hunger for meaning easilyntempted by the exotic allure of paganism.nFor Molnar, the antidote to the “paganntemptation” is the resacralization ofnChristianity through “mediating zonesnthrough which religious people reachnfor the transcendent.” Here Molnar’snsacramentalism comes to the fore, andnhe expends no little effort developing ansacramental theology. By “mediatingnzones” Molnar has in mind the liturgy,nrites, symbols, and mysteries of thenRoman magisterium which, he believes,nhelp illuminate the transcendent innways not available through reason ornwritten revelation alone. He slightsnProtestantism for supposedly abolishingnthese sacramental zones in its zeal toncrush all idols of mere human imagina­ntion. Protestantism, he thinks, tends tonreduce God to a cold and distant abstractionnand to divorce His creationnfrom the divine.nMolnar believes that Christian spiritualnlife suffered when the Reformersnunderstood the sacraments as “externalnsigns of grace received by faith” insteadnof symbols which involve the congregationnin reliving the Christian mythos.n”This is the difference: the sign is anremembrance in the presence of thenpast event. The symbol incorporatesnthat but goes beyond it: it is the renewalni ‘lilikiiSi:: ^iH’Ut InAM.i:RjcAin! The United Statesnj in the 1990sn.A.nne!ise AndersonnDennis L. Barkn- ~- — s’disyr^. –n! iX’iil; i,–iiar,i-:n-SE.iiiiiHJUr)iierMfv -_n”. . .an importantncontribution. . .”n—William E. Simonn”. . .the book that wilnn^ake you think. . .”n—Paul A. Volckernof a past event in the present in whichnpast and present are unified and madencontinuous.”nIt is just here that Protestants appreciativenof Molnar’s historical andncultural analysis must part companynwith him. Although he never uses thenterm, Molnar assumes a transubstantialnview of the Lord’s Supper whereinnChrist is thought to be repeatedly slainnand offered for the sins of the world.nWith the Reformers, modern Protestantsnsee this to be in disagreementnwith the finality of Christ’s sacrificialn”. . .truly in^portant. . .”n—Zbigniew Brzezinskin”. . .indispensable. . .”n—Senator Robert Dolen”. . .thoughtful andninsightful. . .”n—Senator Mark Hatfieldn”. . .an unmatchedncontribution. . .”n—Governor George Deukmejiann”In this book are ideasnthat will change the worldnin the 1990s.”n—Michael Novakn/lmost a decade ago, the Hoover Institution Pressnpublished a book, The United States in the /9505, whichnMikhail Gorbachev described as the blueprint fornthe policies of the Reagan administration. A phenomenallynsuccessful public policy book, it sold 25,000ncopies in four editions. Now the same publishernoffers a book for the 1990s—47 original bipartisannessays by America’s leading statesmen, scholars,nand writers, including the four living U.S. Presidentsnand four Nobel Laureates.nCloth, 0-8179-8751-7 $24.95nPaper 0-8179-8752-5 $14.95nHoover Institution PressnDistributed to the trade by National Book Networkn4720 Boston Way • Lanham, Maryland 20706 • (301) 459-8696nnnSEPTEMBER 1988/33n