consciousness is alien, but one foundednon the very patterns to be foundnalso in our intellect.” If we are able tonunderstand the world, it is only becausenour minds “mirror or share innthe pattern and life which is the foundationnof the world.”nIn the course of these essays, Clarknconfronts most of the popular accountsnof conscious life, all of which falter onnthe rock of our intuihon: as consciousnbeings we are aware of ourselves and ofnother creatures in a way that it is hardnto imagine could depend on electrochemicalnprocesses. In the end, Clarknsettles for something like Berkeley’snposition, that our consciousness is anreflection of the divine mind that isnresponsible for the universe. Clarkntakes our obsession with extraterrestrialnintelligence as a speculative confirmationnof Berkeley: if there are alienncreatures of intelligence, we will onlynbe able to communicate with them, tonshare consciousness, on the assumptionnthat both of us are theomorphic.nEinstein observed that the one incomprehensiblenfeature of the universe wasnits comprehensibility. Clark insists thatnthis explicability “is explicable, andnexpectable, on the theistie hypothesisnalone.”nIf only a belief in God makes sciencenpossible, what are we to say tonscientists who claim that their researchnleads inevitably to atheist materialism?nAs Clark suggests, we must—on theirnaccount of the matter—regard theirnintellectual life as an exotic neurologicalnphenomenon. Why, after all, don’tnmost people choose to do science?nThey cannot make the claim that sciencendoes anyone any good, becausengoodness goes out with the same bathwaternas truth.nScientists say they enjoy what theyndo, and I for one am not about to denynthem that pleasure. On the othernhand, I am not so sure I want them tonhave fun on money supplied by taxpayers.nIf people want to pay them fornwhat they do, as we pay to see a Cubsngame (an equally pointless and futilenexercise, it sometimes seems), that isnall well and good, but there is nonadequate reason to support scientists orneven give them degrees. If it is truenthat science makes us determinists andndeterminism eliminates any point ton”the life of the mind,” then they mightnfairly be regarded as the enemies of thenuniversity.nBut just as we are about to expel thenscientists—as Plato kicked the poetsnout of his Republic—it is good tonremember that some of the men whonhave contributed the most to our understandingnof the brain — WildernPenfield and Sir John Eccles—werenfirm in their conviction that the mindnexists apart from the brain. If Searlenand other mere philosophers are surenof things that Penfield and Eccles arennot, it cannot be on the basis ofnj Announcing . . .n A Major Work onnI Genocide & Terrorism inn Ukraine:nI CLIP AND MAIL TO:nsuperior knowledge. It can only be thatnthey have accepted a view of the worldnas old as Epicurus, that they are contentnwith any explanahon so long as itneliminates the supernatural. To holdnon to such a conviction against thenevidence of consciousness itself—tonsay nothing of what it does to theirndesire to make sense of the worldn—requires more faith than most ordinarynmen possess. For that alone, theynshould have their reward. ccn• John T. Zubal, Inc. — PublishersnI 2969 West 25th Street – Cleveland, OH 4 »113nI Phone: 216-24l-7640 – – Telex: 298256 ZUB AL URn• Please send copv/copies nn• ‘-^ Human Life in Russia lo:nI NAMF:nHUMANnLIFE INnRUSSIAnDi Ewiild Ammenden• Ewald Ammende’s Human Life in Russia is the lor g unavailable history Jn• of the “Hidden Holocaust” and the cover-up which i Drevented new s of the In: starvation of nearly 7,000,000 Ukrainians from being reported in tl le West *n’during 1931-1934. Ammende, a professional humani tarian whose c areer is ;n• markedly similar to that of Raoul Wallenberg a decac Je later, gathe red eye- ‘.nt witness testimony on the Famine as a means of expos ing the awful ruth of In• the genocide and terrorism then occurring in Ukrair le.n• As such, his work is one of the earliest histories of tl le Gulag, whe rein the InI Archipelago consisted of an entire nation to be punis hed for its opi josition •n• to totalitarianism. Human Life in Russia has long b een unobtains ble; we ;n• make it available with the hope that the lesson of the 1 Ukrainian Fan line will Jn: not be lost on our times. The book, 330 pages in a clot h binding and striking >n• jacket, is well illustrated and documented; it belongs in every colle ction of ;nI books on the U.S.S.R. and Ukraine.n*0m***********9****»*****»******»******** ************ **************nI .STREFT ADDRFSS:n’ riTY/STATF/7tP:n• Mv check in the amoiml of fSn.95 per rnpvln• plus $1.85 postage per copy is enclosed.n• NOTE: Ohio residents must add .91 sales tax per copy.nI ORDERS SHIPPED THROUGHOUT THE U.S. BY UPS.nI SAME DAY PAYMENT IS RECEIVEDnI ORDERS TO OTHER COUNTRIES SENT BY POSTn^ *i******i****«*«i*w«*««tr***«*««**«*«j*«**«it***«*«*i»*««4rit****«*«t**««****nnnfnMARCH 1986 / 21n