321 CHRONICLESnaren’t in this structure, nor are the businesses based innKorea, Japan, Europe, and countries all over the world.nThere are also organizations which do not relate to business,nsuch as the International Cultural Foundation. The ICF isnan American-based tax-exempt educational and charitablenorganization whose board members are church leaders fromnall over the world, with Moon as chairman. Each year ICFnsponsors the International Conference on the Unity of thenSciences, a multidisciplinary gathering which discussesnscience and values. The ICF receives its money from thenUnification Church of America — a U.S.-based religiousnorganization that really does function as a church innAmerica. The Professors World Peace Academy is a programnof ICF, but organizations of the PWPA preexisted thenICF in both Korea and Japan.nWhile a thorough knowledge of the corporate structuresnand accounting may be necessary, it is not sufficient tonunderstand how the Moon movement functions. The realnlines of authority and accountability begin with Moon andnextend outward with trusted Koreans, Japanese, and thennational leaders from the various countries. The organizationsnare simply convenient fronts to relate to the broadernsociety. Expertise within the movement and by outsiders isnused and may carry some weight, but in Moon’s kingdomnspiritual authority derives from loyalty, length of service, andnlevel of sacrifice. Moon extends his authority through thenfaithful, and his favor may blow hot or cold depending on ‘ncircumstances. Organizational charts are secondary.nThe international dynamic of the front groups is rarelynperceived. If the Washington Times is influential in Washington,nit’s difficult to imagine its impact in Seoul, wherennational security and connections in America’s capitol arenthe beginning and the end of power. Hundreds of copies ofnthe Washington Times are flown regularly to Korea forndistribution throughout the government leadership there.nIt would be difficult to shut Moon down in Koreanconsidering his bases and contacts in Japan, America,nEurope, and the rest of the world. Nonetheless, from timento time the Korean government has jailed members of hisnmovement and made the export of ginseng tea and othernproducts Moon deals in difficult. To counteract suchnpressures, Moon has attempted in every way to make hisnmovement indispensable. His machine tool business, Tong-nII Enterprises, fulfills major government contracts for thenproduction of weapons parts that include rifles as well asnmore sophisticated weapons systems. While Koreans arenimpressed with Moon’s contacts in Washington, visitors tonKorea may be similarly impressed with Moon’s operations.nBeneath the surface, the realities, of course, are veryndiff^erent. The big names around Moon’s front groups innAmerica and Korea care littie for Moon’s ultimate claims.nIn fact, Koreans treat Moon about the same as Americans:nmost think he is a dangerous charlatan even as they takenwhat benefits he has to offer them.nPeeling back the many layers of the Moon movement,none encounters the core members, whose daily life is annexperience most Americans would not be able to imagine ornbelieve possible. Among others, Eileen Barker, FredericknSontag, J. Lofland, and M. Galanter have studied the livesnof members of the Unification Church with some care andnfrom differing perspectives. According to their findings (andnnnmy own personal experience), members are generally betterneducated than the average person, but they are alienatednand dissatisfied with their lives. They have rejected the morentypical paths of education, career, or religion. They arensearchers looking for answers to the basic questions of life:nWho am I? Where did I come from? Where am I going?nThe number of neurotics who join might be slightiy aboventhe average, but not much. Psychotics who walk intonlectures or workshops are weeded out in the recruitmentnand early indoctrination process. Moon’s ideas and projectsnprovide a total answer and a plan of action for the spiritualnquest and the acolytes’ desire to ci:eate a Utopia. For yetnothers, the initial personal appeal to join is an importantnfactor.nFor these inner members, obedience is the highest virtue,na means for the purification of one’s soul. Members believentheir spiritual leader is the incarnation of Cod who hasnrevealed the highest level of spiritual truth. Who cannquestion his orders? The workdays go 18 to 20 hours sevenndays a week. After an early morning (as early as 4:30 a.m.nbut no later than 6:00 a.m.) worship service, members gonoff on an often bewildering array of duties which includesnselling products, recruiting people for lectures and weekendnretreats (“witnessing”), or working for the numerous organizationsnmentioned above. Evenings are a time for door-todoornwitnessing, lecturing, or fundraising. Late night prayernservices are held, and then it’s off to rest. But there is alwaysnsome special prayer condition or a fast to insure that peoplenare always making an extra special effort.nLife is simple for the full-time fundraisers (about 25npercent of the movement). After the worship service andnorganizational meeting, they go all day asking for money innexchange for flowers, candy, or some other cheap disposablenitem. A major hazard on the MFT’s (Mobile FundraisingnTeams), given the long days, is the possibility that the vanndriver will fall asleep at the wheel late at night while drivingnback to wherever it is the team is sleeping. The number ofndeaths, injuries, and near misses is not known, but for thosenon the MET it is a nighfly reason for prayerful concern,nsince they do occur with disturbing frequency. In then1970’s, auto insurance coverage was terminated based onnaccident experience.nThere is no paycheck for full-time members. Nor is therenmedical, hospital, or life insurance or a pension plan. Fornthose who are paid for working with outsiders in businessesnwhich must conform with minimum wage and other laws,nthere are set procedures for the money to be turned over tonthe Church. Nonetheless, there are discrepancies betweennmembers who work in businesses employing outsiders andnthose who work internally, and these are a source ofncontinual tension.nIn church centers the food is cheap, with low amounts ofnprotein. Rice, tasteless soups, and all manner of goulashesnare a regular feature. For those who can’t take another nightnof ersatz dinner, there is always peanut butter and jelly. Forna change of pace, a member may splurge on a Big Mac, andnthose on the MFT’s will often sustain themselves on fastnfood. Of course, for recruitment activities involving outsiders,nthe food is good and can even be lavish for VIP’s.nMarriages are arranged by Moon, often between personsnwho have never seen each other and whom Moon sees forn