the first time in a large roomful of men and women onneither side. International and interracial marriages are encouragednand involve thousands of persons. There is a strictnrequirement of celibacy before marriage. In 1970 Moonnmarried 791 couples; in 1975 it was 1,800 couples; in 1982nthere were 2,075 couples in Madison Square Garden andn5,800 couples later that year in Korea. While the wait fornmarriage can be many years, couples are not allowed tonconsummate it for periods ranging from two years tonsometimes as long as seven years. Moon makes that mostnintimate of decisions for others, since fallen people lack thenspiritual authority to marry in the first place.nThe marriage ceremony is a kind of combination of thensacraments of baptism, holy communion, and holy orders. Itnis only possible because Moon and his wife have arrived onnearth as a new Adam and Eve who, by their spiritualnauthority, may extend the dominion of God through thenmarriages. When the time to bear children arrives, churchnwomen are often older and not in good physical condition.n(Abortion does not have the stigma in Moon’s church that itndoes in the more orthodox Christian tradition. It is believednthat the spirit enters the child when he breathes in his firstnbreath of life.) Since child-rearing is a distraction from thosenlong days of devoted service to build the Kingdom, thenChurch has established nurseries in which the children arenplaced after three months. Staff at the nurseries are assignednto as many as five infants who are raised listening to Koreannlanguage tapes. After three children, the wives may leaventheir church mission and rejoin their husbands, with scarcelynany emotional or financial foundations for building a family.nThe psychological scars on the children and family lifenitself are perhaps some of the most serious consequences ofnthe movement. The parents are expected to be responsiblenfor their families while remaining devoted to the cause.nThere are, of course, exceptions. Like totalitarian movementsnanywhere, the leadership is subsidized by the cadrenand may get by without supporting their own families.nWhile some Church leaders have impressive clothes andncars, they may have little else. If they are in the uppernechelons, have put in many years of loyal service, and havenMoon’s favor, he will make sure they are taken care of, butnthey have no money of their own. Indeed, there is thenbizarre spectacle of the children of Korean members goingnto Ivy League universities while other Church members justnstarting out family life have to make do with inadequate dietnand poor clothing. When the babies come, these couplesnface hospital and medical debt for lack of insurance, savings,nor regular income. The assumption behind this approach isnthat Moon is the brain, the leadership, the nerves, while thenmembers are only the responsive body. The members’ dutynis not to question but to give wholeheartedly in the beliefnthat God will provide for their future.nOf course members cannot help but raise questions aboutnthis Unification way toward the Kingdom which seems tonleave them so powerless. In ways strangely similar to racistnAmerican whites who believe in the inferiority of blacks.nOrientals in the movement teach Western members thatntheir Oriental culture is superior to the materialistic culturenof the West, weakened by drugs, pornography, and moralndecay. This condition of weakness and inferiority is explainednby Moon’s view of history which teaches that whilenChristian Europe was the center of God’s providence, thenOrient is the land of the new Christ and the new dispensation.nKorea is a chosen nation, and Moon teaches that thenKorean race is connected biologically to the lost Hebrewntribe of Dan. Moon is believed to be descended from thenlineage of Abraham as well as Confucius. According tonMoon, Koreans are culturally and racially superior tonCaucasians, who in turn are superior to blacks. Each racenhas a uniqueness in God’s plan, but there is a hierarchy.nThe Orientals are spiritual and wise, while Westerners arenrational and scientific. Blacks, according to Moon, havenrhythm, physical ability, and emotionality.nSince whites are too white and blacks too black, interracialnmarriages are seen as an especially good way to breakndown racial extremes. But prototypical couples of the samennationality or race can serve Moon’s purpose too, as modelsnfor the rest of a given nation or race to follow. The Koreannracial group is just right, and if the whole world werenhomogenized, the human race would, one is led to believe,nresemble the Koreans.nSince whites are too white and blacks too black, interracialnmarriages are seen as an especially good way to breakndown racial extremes. But. . . the Korean racial group isnjust right, and if the whole world were homogenized, thenhuman race would . . . resemble the Koreans.nThe consequences of these stereotypes are reflected innthe hierarchy and administration of the movement. Koreansnare topmost, Japanese second, Americans third, and Europeansnfourth in rank, with Germans leading the continent.nIn planning activities and making personnel changes, thesenrankings are taken into consideration. Moon has targetednAmerica for his activities because he believes it the mostnpowerful country in the world, that can also serve as bridgenbetween the Orient and Europe. In assigning missionaries,nEuropeans are responsible for Africa; North Americans fornSouth America; while Japanese are responsible for Asia.nLocals have some leadership responsibilities within proscribednlimits but serve mostly for image purposes. Ultimatencoiitrol resides with Moon and the Korean elders.nNeedless to say. Moon’s concepts of race are deeplynburied. But the problems of the West, especially sexualnimmorality, materialism, and individualism, are continuallyncontrasted with the virtue of the Oriental way—the closestnto the way of heaven. Not much is said of the socialnproblems of Korea or the weaknesses of Oriental culture.nThe social acceptability of kisaeng girls along with theninflexibility and provinciality of Korean society is neverndiscussed. Of course the desires for wealth, status, andnsexual satisfaction exist in Korea as well but are pursuednaccording to slightly different rules. In addition, there is anrepression of individual creativity there greater than anythingnwe might experience in the West. The “HermitnKingdom” of Korea is facing the problems of modernity likenall Third World countries and has no special claim onnvirtue.nWithin the Moon movement there is no foundation fornthe ideas of freedom, the rule of law, and the dignity of thennnJUNE 19881 33n