Between the government and the individualnmust come the mediating structuresnof family and community.nLiberalism has resorted to undemocratic,ncoercive methods to further its ambitions—^primarilynthrough sympatheticncourts and activists within the Federalnbureaucracy. Etzioni applauds Mr.nReagan’s efforts to get the governmentnout of our hair, but we must also makencertain that the community can handlenthe responsibilities it is being given.nEtzioni’s three touchstones for publicnvirtue are mutuality, civility, and rationalitynin production. He discusses each atnlength, but the list boils dovtTi to thosenattributes which will best preserve thentraditional family, the community, andnthe prosperity of the economy. Henstresses discipline, both in the schoolsnand in the home, and respect for thentraditional institutions of society, fromnmarriage to the courts. He rejects thennew-left dismissal of material prosperitynand rightly notes that a consuming concernnfor the “quality of life” over hardnwork and prudent consumption willnrapidly lower the quality of life for all.nFrom this analysis flow several concretenproposals that the new right and culturalnconservatives in general shouldnfind congenial. Parental authoritynshould be reestablished. Divorce shouldnbe much harder to obtain. Schoolsnshould assign heavier workloads andnmove to instill a deeper sense of self-nSend for your complimentaryncopy of The Rockford Institute’snAnnual Report featuringnthe work of the eminent artistnand designer Warren Chappell.nMall this coupon to:nThe Rockford Instituten934 North Main StreetnRockford, IL 61103nNamenAddressnCity State Zipn30inChronicles of Culturens Pi’Tceplirt’ As F.vernkuri oiinr)jiit Rtoillx U)ld tin- UnidiinnSiind;i’ Dhscrnr thai “.Xmiriiiiii littran’nI’.irivi^ :iri’ iT limrt.” TIK- ;ilU’};i'(.l hi-irn1)1′ .l;irk I «;iin IIIUMI’I si-i-m l<: tli.ll his riK-iitor piilili.sliid lorn<)i’r to u’ji’.s. iliiil l.dilli Wh.’irKin 111:111-n;i}><.’d III prcKluii’ fi)r .-^S. llv.il W’illi.iinnCarlos Vi illianis put in ovir lO e:ll>^^ilik’nsiriiiilt.iin.ously prjclii.iii}; mi-diiiiu’ • •n:iiul thai lliis lis! oiiild (.oiiliiUK.’ (in t(i anneinbarrassini; liii};lh. I 1ndiscipline rather than devoting so muchnenergy to rootless encouragement ofnthe young person’s creativity that modernnpedagogy dearly loves. Laws mustnbe strictly enforced in order to establishna climate of civic responsibility and respectnfor the law. The government mustnmove to prevent legalistic gambits fromnhobbling worthwhile economic development.nEtzioni even approves of thenspirit behind the Reagan tax cuts ofn1981. He looks to credit controls andntax incentives to reindustrialize, to rebuildnour stock of capital goods, and tonpromote the research and developmentnof new technologies.nJitzioni is at times a little severe onnthe rascalities and minor rule-bendingsnthat give a tang to politics and to humannintercourse in general. This is understandable;nagenda-setters from Plato onnhave always been something of a killjoynat times. What is less clear is whynEtzioni, while freely conceding thatnreestablishing traditional moral authoritynis vital to America’s recovery, is sonhostile to the whole spectrum of conservativenthinkers, who have been arguingnthe same position for so long. Etzioninoffers a conservative diagnosis and thennlooks to the liberals to implement thencure. The Moral Majority’s solutions, henexplained in a recent interview, aren”technically incompetent, by which 1nl.imiRAL Cl’lTl RlF^nnnmean that if you would do to perfectionnwhat they asked for—if there wouldn’tnbe a single abortion, if pornographynwould be banned and burned and if theynhanged criminals twice a month—thatnwould do nothing to make people intonreligious beings, law-abiding, moralnpeople. We have plenty of data to shownthat.”nThat last line exposes the sociologistnin Etzioni—^using a poll to make anphilosophical point. But there is andeeper problem with this analysis.nEtzioni claims that these measures areninsufficient for a proper society but doesnnot prove that they are unnecessary fornone. Restoring moral order means givingnmore power to parents, teachers,nministers, etc. Etzioni seems to believenthat the problem is more easily surmountablenthan his data would have onenbelieve. He sees modern American societynfafrly clearly, but he shrinks from itsnlogical implications. Creating a climatenof civility, mutuality, and rationality isnnot a task for the fainthearted, for it demandsnreversing a society-wide tendencyntoward license. This is an agenwhen a meteoric rise in teenage pregnanciesncan be called an “epidemic,” antime of distressing retreats from moralnresponsibility. The author is to be commendednfor a penetrating analysis ofnwhat ails America. If he only knew whonhis true friends are. Dn