We thought it might have been a Washington Post reporter,nwho in the middle of an earlier night had examined thenWashington chapter’s trash and had written a defamatorynstory.nThe “Did You Know?” papers went regularly to approximatelyn35 Senators, 250 Congressmen, and 700neditors, writers, and columnists. Hardly a Congressionalndebate went by in which we did not find fruits of our work innSenate or House proceedings. Sometimes a whole line ofnargument was traceable to a “Did You Know?” Sometimesnthe Congressional Record carried articles or information wenhad given a Senator. A friendly State Department oflScial,nwho did not agree with us but who liked to know what wenwere up to, read a batch of our pamphlets and commented,n”I hate to say this, but they are legitimate, and what’s more,nreadable.”nHere is a sampling of the subjects we treated. When anGerman submarine in the South Atlantic sank the Robinn24/CHRONICLESnBy the Shores of—nby William M. GalbraithnHere by the golden watersnof this slow stream and dreamingnthe clogged dream of agingniiidifference, I gathernwhatever sunlight pitiesnthe blessed blood. Ah, angelsnare turned to doves, to starlingsnwith mockingbirds as cherubsna-dance; and sing their steeples;nand windows are always open.nGive hallelujahs, anthemsnand madrigals of lovingnto all the singing water.nGive praise and in the praisingnbe cup and crucible,nthe eye and the adorer,nthe voice, the scream, the whisper.nnnMoor, a merchant vessel flying the American flag, and whenninterventionists stressed that it carried no munitions, then”Did You Know?” of June 18, 1941, pointed out that thenship nevertheless was carrying 1,163 items (70 percent of itsncargo) that both the British and Germans had declaredncontraband. The June 27, 1941, issue challenged thenPresident’s statement to the press that the Soviet constitutionnprotected the free exercise of religion. After thenPresident announced that 4,000 U.S. troops had landed innIceland, the “Did You Know?” of July 9 accused thenadministration of placing U.S. troops within the Germannwar zones and within shooting range of Hitler’s forces.nThrough a secret agreement with the British, the UnitednStates was convoying over three-quarters of the merchantnships in the Atlantic with supplies for the British and withnorders to destroy Axis ships. At least two U.S.-owned vesselsnunder Panamanian registry were sunk. The September 23nissue declared that the entire practice of Panamaniannregistry was an evasion of the Neutrality and Lend-Leasenacts. After a U.S. destroyer was sunk, administration pressurento abandon inhibiting sections of the Neutrality Actnincreased. The President wanted the sections that bannednthe arming of merchant vessels and their entry into combatnzones to be repealed. The October 25 issue declared thatnrepeal meant war and offered pages of shipping information.nI have been asked what it was like to spend my days as anlobbyist for the America First Committee. My day startednaround 5:30 A.M., when a thump outside my door signaledndelivery of five newspapers. I read them and clipped itemsnfor my “research” files and then read and highlighted thendaily Congressional Record. I spent some time almost everynday on the Hill, seeing a Senator or a House member orntwo, or their staffers. The “research” service I providednthese men is hard to describe. For example, I might suggest anrelevant topic for them to pursue or copy several pages of anbook or pamphlet for them. I occasionally wrote shortnspeeches for a member and drafted a few resolutions, ornhelped a member draft one and find additional sponsors.nSeveral members requested material for radio speeches, andnI arranged opportunities for members to speak on the RadionForum of the Air. It was rare to run across unfriendly staffersnor members of Congress, for we were all in the same boatnand under fire. We needed each other, and America Firstnoffered them help and in many cases a forum for theirnspeeches at America First rallies throughout the country.nI am now 85 years old, and a firm believer in thenexamined life. I lost a few friends because of my AmericanFirst ties. My Canadian mother, as pro-Royal as any Briton,noffered me redemption through confession. Even as recentlynas the early 1980’s a friend harshly took me to task for mynpast. Like most people in the peace movement I did notnwant to “isolate” America. I was an internationalist whonwelcomed the emergence of my country from that cocoonnof aloof self-containment to full participation in the interdependentnworld community. Nevertheless, I cannot feelnapologetic that I went against the mainstream before WorldnWar II, because I believed in the correctness of our stand.nNo one—but no one — knows what might have happenednif the Japanese had not attacked Pearl Harbor and savednPresident Roosevelt the agonizing decision if and when hisncountry should get fully into the war. <^n