on to other things.nIronic as it is, much of human progressncomes from the ultimate social shock—nwar. Every war has accelerated scientificndiscovery, advanced medical knowledge,nbroadened social awareness of geography.nBy contrast, as someone oncensaid, the Swiss have had peace andndemocracy for generations, and out ofnthat era has come their major contributionnto civilization—chocolate candy.n1 he terrible pain that is personalnlife in the Soviet Union is brought homenalmost lacotiically again and again bynAmalrik. Returned from Siberian exile,nhe finds work in an information (propaganda)nagency. Relations among workersnthere seemed:nunconstrained and friendly. But thisnwas only on the surface; fearful of sayingntoo much. These journalists werenalso actors playing the role of ordinarynmen and women on one hand,nwhile on another they were ‘stalwart,nuncompromising workers on thenideological front’ Yet inwardly theynwere not really like that, so that theirnlives became a Idnd of game in whichntheir own personalities were graduallynlost. When a person takes up ancareer (under those conditions), he isnstill a whole personality and may feelnthat he is happy. But as the years gonby, even though he is outwardly successfiilnand self-confident, he becomesna spiritual wreck—provided, of course,nthat he has an immortal soul. Manynparty and KGB officials, on the othernhand, seem to have no soul, so thatnthey suffer no torments, either overtnor latent.nAnd so theirs is a society in which onlynthose persons without souls rise tonpower?nOut of desperation, then, for the individualnin the Soviet Union comes learning,nand with learning comes Irustrationnand rebellion for some, and in speakingnout they go as a result to Siberia. Fornmost, it is simply a retreat into vodka.nWhat will come of those great shocks innthe Soviet Union is yet to be seen. Butnwhat will come from a generation ofnAmericans protected by a genial, ineffectiveneducational system from anynkind of demand, much less threat ornshock, is largely at hand—moral valuesndrawn from prime-time television, socialnvalues drawn from the convivialitynof being “laid back,” and personal valuesndrawn from the windows in those malls.nIhe second ingredient in educationnis shared knowledge. A generationnago, nearly everyone read some of thensame stories, were forced—the horrornof it!—to memorize—greater horror!—ncertain poems, to read some history, andnwere directed toward certain conclusions.nWere, in short, enculturated.nNow, modern educators say that nonjudgments can be made, that no onenshould be forced to learn any specificnthing, that memorization is no good—nlike diagramming sentences, it is ansource of amusement among progressiveneducators—and that each teachernand each student should “do his ownnthing.” And speak his own language, gonhis own way. The result is a society sonfragmented, so aimless that it is nearlynimpossible to establish common pointsnof reference without resorting to popularntelevision. And surely a society thatnbases its values on such trash is in profoundntrouble.nOnce, in an elementary literaturencourse, 1 had occasion to inqufre of anclass if there was anyone who had notnheard the tale of Jonah and the Whale.nFully half the class raised hands in ignorance.nIf educators should some day discovernwhat they knew two generationsnago—^that standards are needed, that enforcementnof those standards is a healthynthing, and that it is useful to agree on certainninformation that should be shared bynall—then we may find ourselves back onnthe track of progress. If they continue tondilute the system through misguidednkindness and a lack of professional selfconfidence,nwe will continue to haventhe kind of feckless public-school productnthat we have today. nnnnJustice in AmericanIn a rei’cnt tkxision that “thegovernor’snattempt to irim ss). 1 million in stalenMeilicaid reimhursemenls” was uneonslitulional.nllie l-‘ederal and Coolv (!ounlynjudiciary pn)ided an update ti)r tin- oldnsaw. “Wliat goes up mu.st come ilown.”n.Now shal goes up must mil come clown.n’Ihai ihere is not enough money in thentreasur- to pnn’ide lor all ihe state’sloinmitmenlsnis of no matter to the judges—nlhi-‘ are interesli-d only in the jiurily ofnthe law. ‘Ihe Ijird :uid tlie legislaturengiveih. hut apparenth only the Lord canntaketli awav.nJim (lain. .-SS-year-old auto-aeces.s()riesnsalesnian. recently relumed to hisSeatllenhome to find ii being hurgluri/ed h onenJames Keilli. JO. ;ind his teenage girlnIrii’iid. who wen- merril)’ sm:Lshing. litleriiig.nand despoiling the premi;«.-s. Thenoutraged Mr (lain tried to holil Mr. Keithnat gunpoint until the police arrived. Buinwhen Keith tried lo (lee, Cain shot andnw( lunded him. I.eg.’il u-< mhle naturally fiilloweil—lorn(lain. The burglar has filednsuit ft)r unspecified damages because ofn”great pain and sutVering” inllicled by ihencallous .lr. (lain. ‘Ihoiigli the count)- prosecutorsnolliee has cleared (lain of an>’nwrongik)ing in Ihe incident, the courtnnonetheless refu.ses to dismiss the cixilnsuit. t()rcing him lo .spend more thannS-i()()() in legal lees to defend himself.n”Ilow can lie sue me? Iheres got to bensomething wrong with the system,” says anbafiled Mr. (lain, while hagiographicnl-KKiks on Had Warren and his procrimliialnjurisprudence still pa.ss as .scripture innliberal America. i.Jn^i^SlnMay 1983n