Or can it? In 1993, Bill Clinton formallyrnapologized to native Hawaiians forrnthe U.S. military’s role in forcibly oustingrnQueen Liliuokalani from power in 1893.rnBill’s blubber)’ mea culpa appears to havernawakened some old grievances andrnsparked calls for Hawaiian independence.rnOn September 20, the WashingtonrnTimes reported that “the apolog}’ encouragedrna spate of Hawaiian sovereignhmovements.”rnKeaki Keali, a native Hawaiian livingrnnear the site of Capt. James Cook’s initialrnlanding in 1778, puts it plainly: “Wernshould be completely independent. . . .rnThey took it away from us by force andrnwe should get it back.”rnKeali has a point. America’s absorptionrnof Hawaii is hardly a proud momentrnin our histor’. Disturbed by Queen Liliuokalani’srndesire for a stronger monarchyrn(and enticed by the benefits annexationrnwould bring to the American-controlledrnHawaiian sugar industry) a group ofrnplanter-class American expatriatesrnformed a Committee of Public Safetyrnand overthrew the queen in 1893. ThernAmerican minister, John L. Stevens,rnbacked the coup with troops from thernU.S.S. Boston.rnShortly after the coup. PresidentrnGrover Cleveland took over from pro-annexationrnlame duck Benjamin Harrison.rnCleveland refused to countenance thernannexation of Hawaii, stating: “1 mistakernthe Americans if they favor the odiousrndoctrine that there is no such thing as internationalrnmoralit}’; that there is one lawrnfor a strong nation and another for a weakrnone.” Cleveland’s behavior in this incidentrnreaffirms H.L. Mencken’s asses.smentrnof him as “a good man in a badrntrade.” It was left to a lesser man, Cleveland’srnexpansionist Republican successor,rnWilliam McKinlev, to accept annexationrnin 1898.rnThe annexation of Hawaii was the firstrnin a series of defeats by a formidablerncoalition of anti-imperialists that foughtrnU.S. expansionism around the turn ofrnthe century. That coalition was broadrnenough to include millionaire industrialistrnAndrew Canicgie, former Union Generalrnand mugwump Carl Schurz, Nationrneditor E.L. Godkin, and AFL leaderrnSamuel Gompers. The 1899 platform ofrnthe American Anti-Imperialist League revealsrnthe distinctively American principlesrnwhich were able to unite such a disparaterngroup: “The policy known asrnimperialism is hostile to libert)’ and tendsrntoward militarism, an evil from which itrnhas been our glory to be free . . . Wernmaintain that governments derive theirrnjust powers from the consent of the governedrn. . . We cordially invite the co-operationrnof all men and women who remainrnloyal to the declaration ofrnindependence and the constitution ofrnthe United States.”rnIndependence for Hawaii would rightrnan historical wrong and give a belatedrnvictory to the anti-imperialists. And itrnwould benefit Americans on the mainlandrnas well. Hawaii’s statehood is an expansionistrnabomination. Ifs no coincidencernthat our only two noncontiguousrnstates were admitted to the union inrn1959, at the height of Cold War globalism.rnDisgorging Hawaii could be the firstrnstep in reversing a centur)’s worth of imperialistrnoverreach.rnAlas, the idea of Hawaiian independencernis probably little more than a pleasantrnpipe dream. U.S. officials are alreadyrnplanning to buy off disgruntied Hawaiiansrnwith federal loot. Interior and JusticernDeparhnent officials have suggestedrnthat subsidies for better schools andrnhealth care for native Hawaiians may aidrn”the process of reconciliation.” But if thernmore hard-core Hawaii Firsters don’t getrntheir way, they may see the merit in takingrnthe struggle to the U.S. mainland,rnwith assassination sc[uads and ear bombs.rnIf the Puerto Rican precedent is any indication,rnthere might be an eventual pardonrnwaiting for them.rn— GeneHealyrnT H E NEW MILLENNIUM is still arnyear away, but in London, as elsewhere,rnthe moment appointed for its celebrationrnis that marked by the first appearance ofrnthose three mystically consecutive zerosrnin the calendar. Turnstiles at the vastrnMillennium Dome are oiled and readyrnto spin on Januarv 1: click, click, click.rnRather more zeros, of course, figure inrnthe price the nation has paid for an architecturalrnextravagance that our politicalrnmasters have ordered built as a monumentrnto their ambition. The bill for thernbiggest covered space in the world hasrnbeen billions—though it would be churhrnish to include in that sum the banknotesrnwhich wallpaper the part of the Domernwhich is explieitiy dedicated to the celebrationrnof wealth: They are on loan fromrnthe Bank of England and must later bernreturned for practical use. And, until recentiy,rnanother zero, solitary and unqualified,rnwould have summed up thernDome’s planned contents, for the bubblernwas almost fully blown before anyonernhad an idea of what to put in it.rnNevertheless, to the government’s relief,rncommercial participants eventuallyrncame forward to sponsor the various sectionsrnof the Dome. Tesco, a supermarketrnchain, has stumped up for what is calledrnthe “Learning Zone.” Here, with unconsciousrnirony, visitors are reminded ofrnwhatever schooling they might oncernhave had by an evocation of its mostrnmemorable elements: the recordedrnsound of bellowing teachers and the artificialrnsmell of over-boiled cabbage. Anotherrn”educational” experience that visitorsrnwill enjoy for their £20 admissionrncharge will be the chance to admire (butrnnot read) “The 1,000 Greatest Books Ever”rnassembled behind a great glassscreenedrnbookcase. Mindful that academicsrnare busily engaged in meeting allrnthose educational “targets” that the governmentrnhas set them, Tesco has sportinglyrnleft them out of the selection processrnand appealed directly to theirrncustomers to vote for their favorite books.rnThis survey produced a list of “books thatrnpeople actually read, rather than thosernwe pretend to read, or wish we had read,”rnsaid the company’s spokesman. (Whyrnpeople should want to pay £20 to admirernthe spines of books with which they arernalready familiar is a question he was notrnasked.) And the 1,000 best books? Arnworkshop manual for the Ford Sierra.rnHow to Build a Perfect Golf Swing. ThernOwners’ Guide to Dog Health. Goldfishrn& Koi. The autobiography of Joan Collins.rnGuides to gardening, home improvement,rnand cookery. So much forrnlearning in National Post-SocialistrnBritain.rnOn, then (but not up), to the “SpiritrnLevel,” drat bubble within a bubble, withrna tide surely more apt than its inventorrncan have imagined. There, matters spiritualrnare leveled indeed, in an all-inclusivernragbag of a multifaith experience featuringrnthe bells, smells, and mantras of asrnmany faiths as could be found, each demeanedrnby the presence of the others.rnThe official religion of the major millennialrnbasilica itself is more elevating.rnThree times a day, visitors are called tornlift their eyes heavenward to see its mysteriesrnplayed out by 80 acrobats whose ritualizedrnmovements “tell the stor- of humanity”rn150 feet above their heads in arn”ver}’ symbolic” struggle between naturernand technolog}’, which is resolved whenrneach embraces the other—as thev do, wern8/CHRONlCLESrnrnrn