ties that fall outside the range of typicalrnsynagogue programs.” Neusner adds:rn”The new programs will promote ‘Jewishness’rnfor Jews who want togethernessrnbut no Torah.” And they will be run byrnoutside “professionals” who have no realrninterest in religion, only in “process”rnand brainwashing. These programs, ofrncourse, could fit any denomination, anyrnbusiness—for businesses are just what sornmany churches have become.rnThe Jews advocating such programsrnwant to eliminate the authority of thernTorah, just as the “cultural Catholics”rnwant to destroy any semblance of authorityrnof the Pope and the Magisterium.rnAnd in fact the battle over “authority” isrnwhat the end of the 20th century is allrnabout. As a member of a parish that nowrnhas 52 committees chasing their respectiverntails in search of “community,” I’vernbegun to think that some “evil conspiracy”rnis working overtime to make sure thatrnall religions are reduced to the same Orwellianrnuniformity without a smidgen ofrndivine transcendence.rn—Daniel N. EhartrnWayne, PArnCULTURAL REVOLUTIONSrnT H E NATIONAL FRONT’S mayoralrnvictory in the southern French village ofrnVitrolles, on February 9, was front-pagernnews in Europe and is important forrnAmericans. The NF candidate had beenrnits brilliant deputy chief, Bruno Megret,rnwho barely lost the 1995 election tornSocialist Jean-Jacques Anglade. Vitrollesrnhas a large North African population andrn19 percent unemployment. These factors,rnadded to Anglade’s corruption,rnimpressive even by Socialist standards,rnmade a Megret victory likely. So thernGaullist government declared Megretrndisqualified to run because he had spentrnnine percent too much on a 1995 poll.rnMegret was replaced by his wife, Catherine,rnwho led in the first round of voting.rnAt this point, “conservative” primernminister Alain Juppe decided to do whatrnPresident Jacques Chirac had refused torndo in the last election: he withdrew thernGaullist candidate for the mayor’s officernto create a “democratic front” with thernSocialists. It was time to draw the line inrnthe sand, before next year’s elections forrnparliament. All the other parties, fromrnCommunists to Christian Democratsrn(Catholics), threw their support behindrnthe corrupt Anglade. The plan backfired.rnCatherine Megret won with anrnabsolute majority of 52.5 percent. ThernFrench now have a two-party system, thernSocio-Gaullists and the National Front.rnIssues like immigration and oppositionrnto yielding French sovereignty to the bureaucratsrnin Brussels and to the commonrnEuropean monetary system are back onrnthe front burner.rnThe government’s diversionary tacticrnwas to push for a vote on a bill whichrnwould make French citizens responsiblernfor foreigners on special guest visas whornneed a French host to sponsor them. It isrna common mode of smuggling in illegalrnaliens. Some “hosts” make as many as 40rnor 50 requests a year. Elite and popularrnopinion split. Sixty filmmakers, 130rnmagistrates, and the national associationrnof French mayors have denounced thernmeasure, saying they will disobey orrnrefuse to enforce it. Meanwhile, an independentrnpoll reported that 59 percent ofrnFrench polled approved of the bill and 58rnpercent disapproved of the elite’s plan ofrn”civil disobedience.”rnAmerican politicians should takernnote. Polls show that the voters of therntwo major American parties differrnstrongly in their positions on nationalrnsovereignty, immigration, affirmative action,rnand rule by judges and bureaucrats.rnThe leadership of the two parties, however,rnis basically united on these issues.rnThe President worked hand in glove withrnthe Minority Leader, now the Speaker ofrnthe House, to pass NAFTA, despiternstrong popular opposition. The Republicanrnvictory in the House in 1994 led tornno reduction in the size of the centralrngovernment, but instead a suicidal attemptrnto rescue liberal pyramid schemes,rnsuch as Social Security and Medicaid.rnDuring the grotesque presidential “debates,”rnthe President announced he hadrn(finally) discovered an area where he andrnMr. Dole disagreed, teenage smoking.rn(Dole responded that they did not disagree.)rnNewt Gingrich, with disarmingrnfrankness, wrote in To Renew Americarnthat FDR was “probably the greatestrnPresident of the twentieth century.” Arnman who believes this cannot lead thernopposition to the regime founded byrnFDR. Liberal Republicans have headedrnthe Republican tickets in the last twornpresidential contests, losing disastrouslyrnto the most corrupt candidate in Americanrnhistory. Republicans who representrnthe traditional positions of the party onrnsuch issues as immigration and the tariffrndeserve a chance. Otherwise, Republicanrnvoters may decide either not to voternor to turn to a third party. The Dolesrnand Dornans have had their chance. Itrnis now time for an American BrunornMegret.rn—E. Christian KopffrnISO DENG XIAOPING has joinedrnSaint-Just, Molotov, Himmler, Djilas, etrnal., in that niche of the nether regions reservedrnfor the Unrepentant Accomplicesrnof Ideology-Driven Mass Murderers.rnOne hopes that the place is only a littlernless unpleasant than that inhabited byrntheir bosses, Robespierre, Stalin, Hitler,rnTito, and Company. The fact has beenrnobscured in the mainstream media’srncomments on Deng’s death, but thernman was an important participant inrnMao’s social engineering in the 1950’srnand 60’s which—according to conservativernestimates—killed 35 million Chinesernmen, women, and children.rnDeng was a cunning actor in the luridrnmelodrama of Mao’s reign, which occasionallyrndegenerated into a farce, butrnwhich was always, in the deepest sense, arnhuman tragedy of colossal magnitude.rnHis difference from his boss was merelyrnone of style: Deng was a rough, hard manrnfrom Szechwan who shared somethingrnof Mao’s coarse brutality, but who wasrnutterly devoid of Mao’s interest in politicsrnas an art form. If he had a sense ofrnhumor, the secret only came out posthumously,rnwith the announcement that hernhad bequeathed his organs for transplantsrnand medical research.rnWhile Mao was an “artist” (in thernsame sense as Hitler was one), Deng wasrnan apparatchik. His dislike of politicalrndramas—the grandest of which was thern6/CHRONICLESrnrnrn