had him, his wife, and his brotherrnbutchered in DubHn. Essex then surprisedrnthe Clan Ian Mor’s women andrnchildren, sheltered at Rathlin Island inrn1575, and killed them all. But even so,rnEssex had not shaken Sorley Boy, whornhad to watch the massacre from therncoastal cliffs. Sorlcy’s victory near Carrickfcrgusrnshowed the English that hernstill had to be dealt with. As Hill says,rn”Me was characterized as a lawless freebooter,rnbut Sorley, in truth, was an honorablernman who sought redress outsidernEnglish law only when forced to do so byrnElizabeth’s Irish lieutenants. He couldrnbe hard and merciless when dealing, say,rnwith the MacQuillins of the Route,rnShane O’Neill, or Essex. But for thernmost part, Sorley only reacted to aggressivernpolicies designed to thwart his veryrnreasonable goal of holding the Glynnesrnand the Route by royal patent.”rnEoiling the invasion of Sir John Pcrrott,rnSorley Boy MacDonncll in 1586rnachieved his goal: royal recognition ofrnhis family’s position. But when he roderninto Dublin, he saw the head of his sonrnAlexander MacSorley gracing the wallsrnof the castle. Such was the reward of arnviolent life. Later, the Antrim Mac-rnDonnclls would play a role in Scotland,rnas Alasdair MacColla joined the marquisrnof Montrose to fight for the Royalistrnside in “the War of the Three Kingdoms”rn—the English Civil War. Afterrnthat, the fate of all the players spiraledrninto the unforeseen establishment ofrnmodern politics.rnFrom the contemporary angle, SorlcvrnBoy MacDonncll can be seen as an obstreperousrnnonprogressive, but that is notrnthe view of Professor Hill. Rather, hernshows him as a defender of private interest,rnas a responsible head of an extendedrnfamily, and as a skilled survivor in arntreacherous world. “Though four centuriesrnpast, Sorley Boy MacDonnell’srnstruggle reflected the same desire for localrnself-rule that we increasingly see inrntoday’s world. It was firmly grounded inrnthe concept of private community—rna tribal unity based on kinship (bothrnblood and fictive), hierarchy, honor, andrnland, rhe MacDonncll family’s primaryrnnemesis was the Tudor state, the modern,rnformal, bureaucratic, and imperialisticrnnature of which was rooted in therncontrary concept of public society.”rnThus Professor Hill relates his study of arnslice of Scottish, Irish, and English historyrnto our unfolding world, in whichrnLeviathan looks more like the ClintonrnCabinet than the Elizabethan Court.rnAlong the way, he documents the subtletiesrnof the correspondence and thernhistoriographv in a most readable wav.rnOnce again, as in his Celtic Warfarern1595-1763, he has in effect extended thern”Celtic thesis” of Forrest McDonald andrnGrady McWhiney backwards into thatrnperiod which we can see, following ImmanuelrnWallcrstein, as the coalescencernof “the Modern World-System.” ‘FhernAmerican Civil War thus seems a rehashrnof British conflicts, as Faulkner impliedrnwhen he related Cuiloden to Shiloh—rnand as Alasdair MacColla reminds us ofrnBen McCulloch. Professor Hill has fortifiedrnour knowledge and fired our imaginationrn—and you can’t ask more fromrnhistory than that.rnj.O. late is a professor of English atrnDowling College on Long Island.rnFROM COVER-UP TO WHITEWASHrnThe REAL King Papers flrn”The sordid talc of what has become of ourrninstitutions of learning and scholarship.”rn—Samuel Francisrn”A work of great seriousness, expressedrnin a lucid style (.a rare combination).””rn—Jnhn Lukacsrn”I wiiuld not want it said, a century from now, that therernwas no one willing to stand by Theodore Pappas in hisrnadvocacy of the integrity of the academy . . .”rn—fnwi the Foreword by Jacob NcusnerrnTHE MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR., PLAGIARISM STORYrnEdited by Theodore PappasrnA publicaiion ofTlie Rockl’ord Insiilule. 107 pages (paper).rnOnly SU) (shippinj: and handliiij: charges included).rnTOORDHR BYCRRDITCARD,CAl.l.: 1-800-383-0680rnOR SHND CHHCK OR MONRY ORDER TO:rnKing Hook. 4.^4 North Main Sln-el. Rockford, IL 61103rn(Discounts available for bulk orders.)rn34/CHRONICLESrnrnrn