in the U.S. fighting forces. Neocon revulsionrnfor them, as evidenced b therndefamahon of the late M.E. Bradford inrnthe early 80’s, nia’ have been attributable,rnas Bradford himself noted, to “arnsociological variable.” Neocons consideredrnSoutherners to be obstinately ruralrngentiles, with a tendency toward antisemiticrnpopulist politics. And Southernrnresistance to the civil-rights movementrn(even before, as the neocons claim, thernmovement turned antisemitic) showedrnthat Southerners had put themsehes onrnthe wrong side of Progress.rnWhile it is comme il [aid to praise thernneocons for their argumentative skillsrnand oriier strengths ascribed to their ethnicrnpast, it is certainly more controversialrnto dwell on their baggage, which includesrnboth the original and acquired attitudesrnof Eastern European Jews whornsettled at the turn of the centurv in predominantlyrnNorthern urban areas. Suchrnfeelings are not unusual, and somethingrnrather similar can be found among otherrnethnic minorities that nurse their ownrngrudges. But neocon grudges are noteworthyrnfor two reasons. First, those whornexpress them come out of a deeply bookishrnculture and have tried to integraternthem into a worldview, a practice that interwarrnEuropean nationalists and somernSouthern intellectuals have also attemptedrnto do with their prejudices. Moreover,rnthe neocons have carried this practice tornnew heights. The Germans hae beenrnraised from a World War II problem to arnsufficient cause of World War I and ofrnthe Eranco-Prussian War, not to mention,rnin Allan Bloom’s and GertrvdernHimmelfarb’s historical nnisings, thernsource of the counterculture that still poi-rn.sons the United States. It is not enoughrnfor neoconservatives to express sympathyrnfor the Union in the Civil War; they mustrnalso quote Harry Jaffa on the alleged resemblancesrnbetween the antebellumrnSouth and the Third Reich and therebyrnconvenientiy link two idees fixe>>.rnThe second circumstance that makesrnneocon prejudice important is that whatrnused to be primarily leftist obsessionsrnhave been imported bv the neocons intornthe American right. Now that all conservativernobstacles have been removed,rnthese socialist prejudices have becomerngeneral political biases, with little workingrnagainst them. This has happened asrnthe neocons have come to dominate thernAmerican conservative movement. The’rnhave done this not as interlopers (a comfortingrnthought advanced by paleoconservativesrnback in tiie 80’s), but at the invitationrnof fawning foundation heads andrnmagazine publishers. (A usefid comparisonrnfor this takco cr would be the AustrianrnAnschluss.) Welcomed in, they imposedrntiieir follovcrs, expelled those whornresisted, and imprinted their hang-ups onrnwhat hey reconstructed.rnPaul Gottfried is a professor of humanitiesrnat Elizahethtown College in Elizabethtown,rnPennsylvania, and the author,rnmost recently, of After Liberalism: MassrnDemocracv in the Managerial Statern(Princeton).rnEDUCATIONrnOut of the Closetrnand Into the Schoolsrnby Mark TooleyrnRelying upon federal legislation intendedrnto allow Bible clubs equalrnaccess in high schools, a student homosexualrngroup is demanding not onlyrnmeeting space but official approval at arnSalt Lake Cit’ high school.rnThe Gay/Straight Alliance of EastrnHigh School first formed in 1995. Fearingrnthat federal law would preclude a banrntargeting onlv homosexual groups, thernSalt Lake Cih’ School Board decided tornban all non-curricular student organizations.rnFort}-six student groups, includingrnthe F’risbec Club, the Young Republicans,rnand Students Against Drunk Driving,rnwere shut down in order to block thernGay/Straight Alliance.rnUtah’s state legislature responded tornthe Gay/Straight Alliance in 1996 with arnlaw prohibiting public-school studentrngroups that promote sexualit}-, bigotr)’, violence,rnor illegalitv’. But another Utahrnlaw permits private groups to rent spacernin public buildings. With legal and financialrnassistance from a New Yorkbasedrnhomosexual rights group, thernGay/Straight Alliance is now rentingrnspace at East High School. Most otherrnbanned student organizations, lackingrnsimilar outside help, remain shut down.rnMeanwhile, with fidl backing from thernAmerican Civil Liberties Union and thernLambda Legal Defense Fund, homosexualrnhigh-school students, with their outof-rnthe-closct faculty- ad’isor, are waging arnlegal battle against the Salt Lake CityrnSchool Board to procure free meetingrnspace. Their campaign has even gainedrnfunding from the nation’s largest organizationrnfor church women.rnIt is a bizarre situation involving sexuality,rnreligion, free speech, parentalrnrights, public education, and relationshipsrnamong local, state, and federal go-rnernments. This story touches nearl- everyrnfault line in our nation’s culture,rnmaking it the perfect emblem of Americarnat the turn of the millennium. With evenrnMormon-dominated Utah ‘ulnerable tornthe demands ot sexual interest groups,rnthe culture wars ha’e clearly become arnnational phenomenon.rnAccording to the Gav, Lesbian andrnStraight Education Network (GLSEN)rnin New York, there are at least 400rnGay/Straight Alliances meeting in highrnschools across the country. And theirrnnumbers are growing. Because local authoritiesrnin Salt Lake City have so farrnstood firm against GLSEN’s demands,rnthis case appears to have generated morernpnblicih’ than most.rnThe Gav/Straight Alliance at EastrnHigh School coalesced five years agornwhen some students recognized a teacherrnat tiie Utah Cja’ and Lesbian CommunityrnCenter. Science teacher CannllernLee was there to hear a speech by gayrightsrnactivist Candace Gingrich, sister tornthe former U.S. speaker of the house.rnLee agreed to help six students start arnclub to discuss homosexual concerns.rnNeeding an alK’, she asked the facultyadvisorrnfor the school’s Socialist Club tornjoin her in meeting with the principal.rnLee also decided to announce her ownrnlesbianisni and become a member ofrnGLSEN. TJ-ie principal, Kay Petersen,rnwas snpportie of the proposed clid).rn”Closets aren’t healthv places,” explainedrnPetersen, who later received an awardrnfrom GLSEN.rnA worried Salt Lake Git)- School Boardrndisagreed. In earl- 1996, the boardrnbanned all non-curricular clubs from dierncitv’s schools. Its members feared a morernspecific ban would ‘iolatc the federalrnEqual Access Act of 1983, which prohibitsrndiscrimination against a schoolrngroup because of the unpopularit}’ of itsrnideas. Conservative congressmen hadrncreated tins legislation, with PresidentrnReagan’s approval, to protect religiousrngroups from discrimination.rnEven without the school board’s newrnpolicy, Utah’s subsequentiy ratified pro-rn44/CHRONlCLESrnrnrn