The stylized sabre-duels still fought in German student fraternitiesrnare lawful, beeause the law does not define them asrn”duels with deadly weapons,” which are criminal. The Germanrnword is not “Duell” (which could be deadly), but “Mensur,”rnfrom the Latin mensura, or measure, hi some sense participationrnin a Mensiir measures the man, and although blood is frequentlyrnshed, the outcome is far less deadly than the “sport” ofrnboxing, or even football.rnSome sports involve actual combat, hardly more ritualizedrnor potentially less painful than the stylized Mensur. Otherrnsports, such as basketball, permit an individual to become arnstar, a cclebritv, a folk hero: vide Michael Jordan. In somernsports, the contestants on the field frequently outnumber thernspectators. In some, such as crew, there is no possibility for anrnindividual to stand out at all. All must “swing together,” in thernwords of the Eton Boating Song, or the boat will not go. Itrnmight seem that the differences between these varieties ofrnsport are greater than the commonalities, but every sport doesrnsomething to define the man. Athletes—lettermen on the collegernscene—have something in common, whether the letter isrnfrom football or lacrosse, track or crew (sailing, riflery, and chessrnfit in less well). Even our most eminent political leaders like tornbe seen taking part in sport, from touch football (the Kennedyrnbrothers) and skiing (Ford) to jogging (Carter, Clinton).rnThey win neither laurel wreaths nor gold medals in the process,rnbut they do show that they have something elemental in commonrnwith the rest of the male half of the human race. And, ofrncourse, most sports are fun—at least much of the time.rnGood male friendships may develop in a variety of ways, butrnone of the most tried and true is when men are united in arnstruggle against a common enemy. It is seldom that good malernfriendships develop without a shared task, or, even better, arnshared foe. War is an extravagantly costly way to build friendship,rnalthough it demonstrably does that—sometimes evenrnamong military enemies. Sport can do it as effectively, lessrnpainfully, and without loss of life. Men often find it easier tornfight with each other than to express love for one another, butrnthey need to love one another, and not only the women andrnchildren in their lives. The appropriate word here is philiarnrather than eras, although the boundary between them is notrnalways clear.rn”Male bonding” is much talked about these days, but it existedrnlong before the word became a catch phrase. It exists inrnnoble and in perverted forms, and while sport is no guaranteernagainst the kind of eros that Scripture condemns and traditionrnbrands unnatural, it does offer a realm for the development ofrnmale affection that can be both deep and noble. That is arnrather oblique way of saying that friendships made in sport canrnbe among the richest and best that men can know.rnSport does not necessarily make the man, but for much ofrnhistory men have hardly been made without it.rnFROM COVER-UP TO WHITEWASHrnThe REAL King Papersrn1 •• The sordid tale of what has become of ourrninstitutions of learning and scholarship.”rn—Samuel Francisrn”A work of great seriousness, expressedrnin a lucid style (a rare combination).”rn—John LukacsrnI • i H l i i l I f U ‘ III II m l I ^ I i i l l i i ‘ I’l • ‘ I I I il< • Ml i! I n . i>rni ^ l i x x l k llilll ••• l i lk •<. Ill’ IIIrn•• -. / . .. • /. , . • , . . ,rnTHE H^KHK LUT^SINC;. .m., PtAGumsiAsroRYrnEdited by Theodore ‘rnA publicatioa «f The Kockfonl^stituit: 112 piper).rnPtil> SlO<i.NCOdidkJv>iiliLhlL>liorbaIk.i)rclers irn22/CHRONICLESrnrnrn