in addition to the regular license. Thenhuman consequences are mounting.nThe Rasmussens, experiencing a leannsummer and the prospect of littlenincome after September, are consideringnmoving down to mainland Minnesotanfor the winter. “We have to eat,”nthey say.nYet, in another turn of the frontierntheme, the women of the Angle arenworking to change its image. The prevailingnassumption appears to be thatnthe days of exclusive attention to fishing,nduck hunting, and timber cuttingnare over; the Angle must repositionnitself as a family resort center. Thenwomen have organized a Chamber ofnCommerce and have published a newntabloid-size brochure extolling activitiesnsuch as “wining and dining,”nLIBERAL ARTSnTheology, Barabbas StylenSo much atteiiKon has been focused onnSouth Africa recently that there hasnscarcely been time to savor the newnbenefits of majority rule now beingnenjoyed by what used to go by the namenof Rhodesia, lliese benefits were reeeaityndescribed by the former PrimenMinister of Southern Rhodesia, GarfieldnTodd (generally regarded as a tacitnsupporter of die current Marxist regime),nas a “horrible and unnecessarynsituation where Hie country is faced onnevery side by a breakdown of discipline.”nTodd spoke of assaults uponninnocent citizens and their property, ofnrape, maiming, and nnuder.nKein angstl Zimbabwe officials arendevoting unprecedented attentirju tonthe country’s Anglican Church. Firstnon the agenda, according to the RhodesianClirktian Group Sewdeiler, is thentransformation of the Church into an”people’s Church.” This means bothnthe legitimizing of “traditional Africanntribal worship” and the creation of “annew theology based on the Marxistnanalysis of the nature of man and society.”nA leader in this new effort, the Rev.nCanaan Banana (we arc not making thisnup), recently declared: “As for me I amnnot ashamed of the revolution, for it isnthe power of the people unto salvation,”nIt must be a sign of Anglican decadeiieenthat sonic 200,000 former Rhodesiansnhae now chosen to risk damnationnin exile in preference to “salvation”nat home. ccn441 CHRONICLES OF CULTUREn”honeymooning,” mushrooming,nberry-picking, photographing wildflowers,nand bird-watching. Civilization,nushered in by the feminine halfnof the species, is coming to the Angle.nSome of the men are grumbling.nJake, who operates one of the Angle’sntwo bars and a decidedly unquaintnfishing camp, refuses to join thenChamber or to advertise in the brochure.nNels, gjways restless, and hisnnew bride have just taken off for Alaska,nlooking again for the frontier, ccnAllan Carlson is executive vice presidentnof The Rockford Institute.nLetter From thenSouthwestnby Odie FaulknGiving, helping, caring—these arenwords frequently mentioned in thenwritings and orations of most religiousnand social philosophers. Giving andnhelping and caring are concepts thatntouch something deep in the breast ofncivilized mankind and call forth thenkind of responses that distinguish himnfrom the baser animals: compassion,nkindness, generosity, concern for thenwelfare of others. This is a thoughtnechoed in The Proverbes of John Heywoodn(1546), “Better to give than tontake.”nSuch is the wellspring that has led tonuncountable acts of individualnbenevolence—the coin in the outstretchednhand of a beggar, the feedingnof the tramp at the door, the donationnof clothing to warm the poor. At anmore organized level, the desire tongive and share has led to the foundingnof literally thousands of private charitiesnwhich search for cures for diseases,nfight famine in far-off places, and securenfoster parents for needy chi-ldrennin foreign lands. These are the instinctsnthat have led to an outpouringnof private gifts in myriad forms for thenvictims of earthquake, flood, fire,ndrought, pestilence, and war.nIn the United States, this individualngenerosity of spirit found its strongestnexpression on the frontier. Most pioneersnwere on the same economicnlevel — poor — and they labored tonhelp each other. They cooperated innnnbarn raisings and house buildings.nThey joined to plant and to harvest,nand they took care of the destitutenamong them.nAmericans are certainly not uniquenin feeling and acting upon such upliftingnemotions. Charity has come fromnthe individuals of many nations inntime of crisis and need, yet Americansnare noted throughout the world forntheir willingness to give. Most peoplenwould agree that individual charity is anpositive force which ennobles thendonor, uplifts society, and aids the lessnfortunate. Therefore, it should be encouraged.nThose who criticize the charity ofnindividual Americans—both at homenand abroad — have argued that itnsprings not from generosity or nobilitynof spirit, but rather from a selfishndesire on the part of the donors tonmake themselves feel better, that thengifts are made to assuage guilty consciencesnfor being so wealthy. OlivernGoldsmith echoed such a sentiment innThe Traveller when he commented,n”They give to get esteem.”nHowever, the real corruption of thisnspirit of generosity came not becausensome gave in order “to get esteem,”nbut rather when it was transformednfrom individual initiative to publicnpolicy. In the Populist era and againnduring the New Deal, the childrennand grandchildren of those who pioneerednthe frontier joined with Easternnliberals to translate what had been annindividual act into government policynat the state and national levels. Nonlonger would neighbors help raise anbarn; there would be Federally subsidizedntarm loans. Nor was there neednfor a house raising; rather there wouldnbe FHA loans and low income housing.nPlowing and harvesting would benFederally subsidized, and the countynpoor farm would be replaced by foodnstamps, aid to dependent children,nrent subsidies, free health care, andnnumerous other programs.nBut in the process of institutionalizingnwhat had been a soaring of thenindividual spirit, philanthropy becamena caricature of itself and was transformedninto something negative.nWhen philanthropy is demanded bynlaw—in what amounts to a forcednredistribution of the wealth—the resultnis neither of benefit to its recipientsnnor uplifting to those whose taxesn