lie consciousness?rnMoreover, there is an aspect of Stalinist atrocities that is veryrnpertinent to the “Goldhagen debate.” In their history of thernSoviet Union, Utopia in Power, Mikhail Heller and AleksandrrnM. Nekrich touch on the issue of whether the German peoplernhad full knowledge of the Nazi crimes. They state no opinion.rnBut regarding the Soviets’ murderous war on the peasantry, includingrnthe LIkrainian terror-famine, they write:rnThere is no question that the Soviet city people knewrnabout the massacre in the countryside. In fact, no onerntried to conceal it. At the railroad stations, city dwellersrncould see the thousands of women and children whornhad fled from the villages and were dying of hunger.rnKulaks, “dekulakized persons,” and “kulak henchmen”rndied alike. They were not considered human.rnThere has been no outcry for the Russian people to seek atonement,rnand no one speaks of their “eternal guilt.” It goes withoutrnsaying that the misdeeds of communism, in Russia, China,rnor elsewhere, arc never debited to internationalism and egalitarianismrnas those of Nazism are to nationalism and racism.rnPointing to communist crimes is not meant to “trivialize”rnthe destruction of European Jewry, nor can it do so. The massacrernof the Jews was one of the worst things that ever happened.rnBut even supposing that it was the worst thing that everrnhappened, couldn’t some arrangement be worked outrnwhereby communist mass-murders are mentioned once for everyrnten times (or 100 times?) the holocaust is brought up? Perhapsrnalso, if we must have publicly financed museums commemoratingrnthe foreign victims of foreign regimes, somernmemorial to the victims of communism might be considered,rnnot on the Mall itself, of course, but maybe in a low-rent arearnof Washington.rnIf the crimes of communism go relatively unmentioned,rnwhat arc we to say of crimes committed against Germans? Onernof the most pernicious legacies of Hitler, Stalin, and Mao isrnthat any political leader responsible for less than, say, three orrnfour million deaths is let off the hook. This hardly seems right,rnand it was not always so. In fact, there was a time when Americanrnconservatives took the lead in publicizing Allied, and especiallyrnAmerican, atrocities against Germans. High-levelrnjournalists like William Henry Chamberlin, in America’s SecondrnCrusade, and Freda Utley, in The High Cost of Vengeance,rnpilloried those who had committed what Utlev called “ourrncrimes against humanity”—the men who directed the terrorbombingrnof the German cities, conspired in the expulsion ofrnsome 15 million Germans from their ancestral lands in the eastrn(in the course of which about two million died—see de Zayas’srnNemesis at Potsdam), and plotted the “final solution of the Germanrnquestion” through the Morgenthau plan. Utley even exposedrnthe sham “Dachau trials” of German soldiers and civiliansrnin the first years of the Allied occupation, detailing the usernof methods “worthy of the GPU, the Gestapo, and the SS” tornextort confessions. She insisted that the same ethical standardsrnhad to be applied to victors and vanquished alike. If not, thenrnwe were declaring that “Hitler was justified in his belief thatrn’might makes right.'” Both books were brought out by the laternHenry Regnery, the last of the Old Right greats, whose housernwas the bastion of post-World War II revisionism, publishingrnworks like Gharles Callan Tansill’s classic, Back Door to War.rnKeeping the Nazi period constantly before our eyes servesrnthe ideological interests of a number of influential groups.rnThat it benefits the Zionist cause, at least as many Zionists seernit, is obvious. It is also highly useful to the advocates of a globalistrnAmerica. Hitler and the crying need for the great crusadernto destroy him are the chief exhibits in their case against anyrnform of American “isolationism,” past or present. Any suggestionrnthat our Soviet ally in that crusade was guilty of evenrngreater offenses than Nazi Germany, that the United Statesrngovernment itself was incriminated in barbarous acts duringrnand after that war, must be downplayed or suppressed, lest thernhistorical picture grow too complex.rnIf the crimes of communism gornrelatively unmentioned, whatrnare we to say of crimes committedrnagainst Germans?rnThe obsession with the never-ending guilt of the Germansrnalso advances the ends of those who look forward to the extinctionrnof the nation-state and national identity, at least for thernWest. As the philosopher Robert Maurer argues, it inculcatesrnin the Germans “a permanent bad conscience, and keeps themrnfrom developing any normal national self-awareness.” In thisrnway, it functions “as a model for the cosmopolitan supersessionrnof every nationalism,” which many today are striving toward.rnErnst Nolte has recently suggested another strategy at work,rnaiming at the same goal. Nothing is clearer than that we are inrnthe midst of a vast campaign to delegitimize Western civilization.rnIn this campaign, Nolte writes, radical feminism joinsrnwith Third World anti-Occidentalism and multiculturalismrnwithin the Western nations “to instrumentalize to the highestrndegree the ‘murder of six millions Jews by the Germans,’ and tornplace it in the larger context of the genocides by the predatoryrnand conquering West, so that ‘homo hitlerensis’ ultimately appearsrnas merely a special case of ‘homo occidentaUs.'” The purposernis to strike at “the cultural and linguistic homogeneity ofrnthe national states, achieved over centuries, and open the gatesrnto a massive immigration,” so that in the end the nations of thernWest should cease to exist.rnThere seem to be cultural dynamics operating that will intensifyrnrather than abate the present fixation. Michael Wolffsohn,rnan Israeli-born Jew who teaches modern history in Germany,rnhas warned that Judaism is being emptied of its religiousrncontent and linked solely to the tribulations of the Jewsrnthrough history, above all, the holocaust. More than one commentatorrnhas noted that as the West loses any sense of moralityrnrooted in reason, tradition, or faith, yet still feels the need forrnsome secure moral direction, it increasingly finds it in the singlernacknowledged “absolute evil,” the holocaust. If thesernclaims are true, then the growing secularization of Judaism andrnmoral disarray of our culture will continue to make victims ofrnthe Germans and all the peoples of the West.rnJANUARY 1997/17rnrnrn