destroy the hundreds of headstones innthe Jewish cemetery of Abo/Turku.nWhen they were caught, the localnSwedish-language paper interviewed menon whether I thought that this act ofnJew-hatred meant Finland was an anti-nSemitic country. I said no, not at all; likenSerbia, Finland eould never be comparednto Poland, Hungary, Russia, Austria, ornRumania, where vast segments of thenpopulation express to polling agencies anvariety of hair-raising anti-Semitic (notnjust anti-Judaic, not just anti-Jewish)nopinions; I doubted that anti-Semitismnin any organized form exists in Finland,nthe way it does elsewhere. As allies ofnGermany from 1941 to 1944, JewishnFinns did fight side by side with SSntroops against the Bolsheviks, but thisnhardly signifies an anti-Semitic countryn(though it makes one wonder about thenJewish Finns of that day).nhi response to the interview, an easilynprovoked figure in the local Jewishncommunity wrote an outraged letternto the same paper, accusing me of tryingnto “Bagatellize” (the Swedish wordnhagatelisem has no ecjuivalent in English)nthe deep-rooted anti-Semitism expressednby the vandalism. 1 had, of course, donenno such thing. But the fellow who wrotengot to vent his anger and call his neighborsnnames. And that’s what set menthinking about the need to sort thingsnout and to find the right words for thenright things. For surely when we invokenthe memory of Auschwitz in the contextnof a debate about Israeli foreign policy, orncompare the work of a few vandals to thenactivities of the SS, or convert annephemeral disagreement about religiousntruth into a renewed conflict in whichnChristians like Martin Luther demonizenthe Jews and Judaism, we lose all per­nNovus Ordo Seclorumnby Harold McCindynSix years went into shaping the Great Seal:nFranklin, Adams, Jefferson tried their hand.nThen two committees more; at length, the zealnOf one Charies Thomson, under strict command.nEffected the design. Your dollar bill,nGreen flag of luxury, bears on its backn(Lacking the splendid colors) both sides still:nThe Eagle; and, all-seeing, the radioac-nTive Eye of God. The Eagle is well known.nProud head, spread wings, talons of war and peace.nThe striped shield on its breast, the glory sownnWith thirteen stars. Rare’s the splendor who seesnThat obverse’s reverse: the Eye of GodnFixed in its mystic prism, its burning glass.nAtop the chopped-off pyramid. On the sodnA flourishing scroll affirms in permanent brassnThe New Order, the New Deal, NOVUS ORDOnSECLORUM, Roman numerals spelling out when.nThe Eye approves, ANNUTT COEPTIS. So!nBut where, O Lord? Where are the women and men?nnnspective.nSo, when visiting New Zealand thenfollowing year, I had to recognize thendifference between a gauche Quakernprofessor or a provincial Dunedin lavv’yer,non the one side, and those dark andnformidable forces active in many countries—andnpowerful in today’s Russianand Austria and Croatia and in parts ofnthe Muslim world even now—that eouldnlead to the continuation of Fhtler’s plan.nWhen sales of The Protocols of the Eldersnof Zion flourish in innumerable languages,nfrom Russian and Arabic, tonJapanese, we had best know one Jewhatrednfrom another, take seriously whatnshould be given weight, and set asidenwhat is inconsequential.nJacob Neusner is a DistinguishednResearch Professor of Religious Studies atnthe University of South Florida, Tampa.nMARCH 1995/41n