EDITORnThomas FlemingnMANAGING EDITORnKatherine DaltonnSENIOR EDITOR, BOOKSnChilton Williamson, ]r.nASSISTANT EDITORnTheodore PappasnART DIRECTORnAnna Mycek-WodeckinCONTRIBUTING EDITORSnJohn W. Aldridge, Harold O.J.nBrown, Samuel Francis, GeorgenGarrett, Russell Kirk, E. ChristiannKopff, Clyde WilsonnCORRESPONDING EDITORSnBryce Christensen, Odie Faulk, JanenGreer, John Shelton Reed, JosephnSchwartz, Gary VasilashnEDITORIAL SECRETARYnLeann DobbsnPUBLISHERnAllan C. CarlsonnASSOCIATE PUBLISHERnMichael WardernPUBLICATION DIRECTORnGuy C. ReffettnCOMPOSITION MANAGERnAnita FedoranCIRCULATION MANAGERnRochelle FranknA Publication ofnThe Rockford Institute:nEditorial and Advertising Offices: 934 NorthnMain Street, Rockford, IL 61103.nEditorial Phone: (815) 964-5054.nAdvertising Phone: (815) 964-5811.nSubscription Department: P.O. Box 800, MountnMorris, IL 61054. Call I-800-435-07I5, innIllinois 1-800-892-0753.nU.S.A. Newsstand Distribution by EasternnNews Distributors, Inc., 1130 Cleveland Road,nSandusky, OH 44870.nCopyright © 1989 by The Rockford Institute.nAll rights reserved.nCHRONICLES (ISSN 0887-5731) is publishednmonthly for $21 per year by The RockfordnInstitute, 934 North Main Street, Rockford, ILn61103-7061.nSecond-class postage paid at Rockford, IL andnadditional mailing offices.nPOSTMASTER: Send address changes tonCHRONICLES, P.O. Box 800, Mount Morris,nIL 61054.nThe views expressed in Chronicles are thenauthors’ alone and do not necessarily reflect thenviews of The Rockford Institute or of itsndirectors. Unsolicited manuscripts cannot benreturned unless accompanied by a self-addressednstamped envelope.nChroniclesnI M » G’A Z I N F OF 1 M E E I C A N ( U I I U t En4/CHRONICLESnVol. 13, No. 11 November 1989nOn ‘Enemiesnof Society’nPOLEMICS & EXCHANGESnArthur Eckstein has written a generousnreview of Peter Collier’s and my booknDestructive Generation (Augustn1989). In responding to the one substantivencriticism he makes, it is mynintention only to clarify our view ofnwhat is undoubtedly an interestingnquestion: what is the nature of thenpost-Khrushchev (and now post-nGorbachev) left? Eckstein chides us fornnot identifying our target specifically asnthe hard left. He invokes suchnnontotalitarians as Irving Howe andnMichael Harrington as evidence thatn” ‘the left’ is in reality a pretty bignplace.”nWell, yes and no. If we are speakingnof theories and manifestos, the left cannindeed be spacious: proclamations innbehalf of democratic principles arenroutinely to be found alongside paeansnto totalitarian agendas and systems. Butnin terms of real political choices thenradical terrain tends to be far morenconstricted.nDuring the last decade, for example,nit has not been possible to oppose thenlatest Marxist “experiment” in Nicaraguanand retain one’s left-wing credentials.nRobert Leiken and RonaldnRadosh, two second-thoughters likenourselves, provide a case in point. Bothnregarded themselves as social democratsnbut were subjected to viciousndenunciation by the left—as “spokesmennfor Reagan” and “CIA agents” —nwhen they condemned the Sandinistas.nIn effect, their opposition to totalitariansnin Nicaragua caused them to benexpelled from the ranks. Radosh wasnbanned from writing about Nicaraguanin the pages of Dissent by IrvingnHowe, personally. (Radosh still regardsnhimself as a social democrat and is stillnan editor oi Dissent, though effectivelynsilenced. His fellow editors, withnHowe’s backing, have pressured him tonresign.)nOr consider Eckstein’s other exam­nnnple, the late Michael Harrington. Innthe 60’s, Harrington was an outspokennand principled critic of the New Left’snalliances with Communists and otherntotalitarians. But because of his commitmentnto the anti-totalitarian principle,nhe was consigned to political irrelevancenduring the era of the greatnMovement upheavals. Following thosenupheavals, Harrington spent the lastnyears of his life apologizing for thenprincipled stand he took in the 60’s,nwhile embracing the same politicalnalliances (with Communists and ThirdnWorid totalitarians) he had once sonroundly condemned. Harrington’snorganization — the Democratic Socialistsnof America — featured Sandinistanforeign minister Miguel D’Escoto as anspeaker at its last convention, whilenHarrington’s cochair Barbara Ehrenreichnwrote the following comment innthe November 1988 issue of MothernJones:n”But the only thing that really bothersnme [about the 1988 presidentialnelections in the US] is the millions ofnpeople whose very lives may dependnon the outcome of the elections—butnwho aren’t allowed to vote at all. I’mnthinking, of course, of the three millionnNicaraguans, and the endangered residentsnof various U.S. enemy and clientnstates scattered throughout the world.nSo no matter how cretinous the candidatesnare, no matter how insulting thencampaign, I grit my teeth and vote thenway the Nicaraguans, etc., would ifnthey were given a say.”nIn short: domestically, America is anpoor excuse for a democracy and therenis no point in leftists taking its politicsnseriously; abroad, America is a worldnoppressor; the task of the left, therefore,nis to provide a solidarity fifthncolumn for America’s totalitarian enemiesnand other “victims” of Americannimperialism. This is an 80’s version ofnthe same old 60’s claptrap. Not a verynbig place at all.n— David HorowitznLos Angeles, CAn