EXPR 1033) is a Japanese reissue of importantnAmerican music, imported bynPolygram. These are the 1955 recordingsnthat introduced Brown to a wider audiencenthat was amazed by the warmthnand virtuosity of his trumpet playing.nThe Tommy Dorsey/Frank SinatranSessions, Volumes 1, 2, and 3 (RCAnCPL2-4334, 4335, 4336) include on sixnLP’s everything Sinatra recorded withnDorsey from 1940 to 1942. There are 83nsongs of varying quality, each investednwith the young Sinatra’s outstanding intonation,nphrasing, diction, control andninterpretation. It’s a sort of “Well-nTempered Clavier” for popular singers tonstudy and attempt to master, and for thenrest of us to marvel at and enjoy.nCal Tjader/Carmen McRae: “HeatnWave” (Concord CJ-189) provides thenlate vibraharpist and his Latin bandnbacking one of the prima jazz singers,nwhose voice in her maturity has become andeep well of expressiveness.nIn Pepper Adams’s “Urban Dreams”n(Palo Alto PA 8009), his sound has becomenso huge and incisive that itnthreatens to explode his baritone saxophone.nHe plays with a ferocity of attacknthat would be intimidating if it weren’tnfor his remarkable gifts of swing andnhumor. “Three Little Words” and “PentnUp House” in Adams’s hands are livingntextbooks of the intelligent uses of musicalnquotes. The rhythm section of pianistnJimmy Rowles, bassist George Mraz andndrummer Billy Hart deserves an awardnfor Best Supporting Cast. Palo Alto is annew label, and with this album and altonsaxophonist Lanny Morgan’ s” It’ s AboutnTime” (Palo Alto PA 8007), it is off to annimpressive start.nDave Brubeck/Paul Desmond (FantasynF-24727) has some of the best ofnBrubeck’s early quartet recordings, asnwell as brilliant alto saxophone playingnby Desmond.nDave Brubeck’s “Paper Moon” (ConcordnCJ-178) is his best in recent years,nwith remarkable piano playing along thenmore lyrical lines he has been exploring.nTenor saxophonist Jerry Bergonzi’s adaptationnof the John Coltrane style is a successnbeyond mere imitation. DnPoi I;MI( s & i:( iiN(;i:snOn Never-Forgotten Passionsnby Henry L. Mason DInOne of the reasons why the Germannatrocities committed during World War Inhave not long since been placed innhistorical context is the incorrigiblenbrutality of Germany’s “defenders.” Anperfect example is Paul Gottfried’snreview of Barbara Tuchman’s PracticingnHistory, a diatribe which would more appropriatelynhave been written for thenVolkischer Beobachter in about 1936nthan for Chronicles of Culture in 1982.nGottfried informs us that the Lusitanianwas “carrying contraband arms” tonMr. Mason practices law in Chicago.nEngland. That was not the reason for thenGerman attack, which was launchednwithout the slightest regard for internationalnlaw. What made the attack annatrocity was not the fact of the sinkingnbut the manner in which it was carriednout. It was well settled under internationalnlaw that belligerent merchantmen—whethernor not carrying “contraband—couldnonly be attacked or sunknafter (1) challenge, (2) search and (3)propernconsideration for the passengers andncrew. See, e.g. The Lusitania, 251 Fed.n715 (S.D.N.Y. 1968). This principle wasnadmitted by the German governmentnboth before and after the attack. Thus,nthe German proclamation of a “warnnnzone” around the British Isles on Februaryn4, 1915, stated that:n[E]very enemy merchant ship foundnin the said war zone will be destroyednwithout its being always possible tonavert the dangers threatening thencrews and passengers on that account.nBy this statement the only limitationnplaced by the Germans on their duty ton”avert the dangers” to crews and passengersnwas “impossibility.” Andnalthough impossibility might have beennsuccessfxilly argued if the Lusitania hadnbeen traveling in convoy or if warshipsnhad been traveling in the vicinity, shenwas in fact unescorted, and even rescuenvessels did not reach her until severalnhours after she sank.nIn addition, almost a year after thensinking the German government againnacknowledged that international lawnprohibited the sinking of merchantnvessels without warning and without savingnlife:nIn accordance with the general principlesnof visit and search and destructionnof merchant vessels recognizednby international law, such vessels,nboth within and without the area declarednas a naval war zone, shall not bensunk without warning and withoutnsaving human lives, unless these shipsnattempt to escape or offer resistance. *n(Emphasis added)nDespite these official and repeated admissions,nthe Grerman government notnonly showered congratulations on KapitanleumantnSchwieger for his “achievement”nin killing almost 1,200 noncombatants,nbut even struck a medal boastingnof the illegal attack.nGottfried’s more general defense ofnGerman submarine warfare is wrong fornthe same reason. It was not submarinenwarfare per se which aroused Americannindignation, but Germany’s continuedn*Official communication by GermannForeign QERce to Ambassador Gerard, Mayn4, 19I6.n143nNovember 198Sn