I’.niTOKrnThomas Flemingrni’;xK(:ii’i’i’i’: KI:)IT()RrnScoff P. RichcrtrnSl’.KlORVmmR. BOOKSrnChilton Williamson, jr.rnASSISTANT i;niroRrnAaron D. WolfrnAR’iniRKOlORrnU. WardSterettrnDKSIO.M’-RrnMelanie Andersonrncoi’RiBi’Tio i:nn()RSrnKatherine Dakon. Samuel Francis.rnGeorge Garrett. Paul Gottfried.rnPhilip Jenkins. j.C). ‘Fate, MichaelrnWasnhiirn. Clyde Wilsonrnc:oRRi;si’OM)iN(; i<:ni’i’ORsrnJanet Scott Barlow. Bill Kauffman.rnDonald Livingston, Roger f).rnMcCrath. William Milk. WilliamrnMiirchison. Andrei Navrozor.rnJacob NeusnerrnI’liAi i”.nir()RrnGeorge McCartneyrnl’OKI’,IC;-AKI’AIRS i;nilORrnSrdja Frijlmxicrnl,KOAl,-AMvIRS KDITORrnStephen B. PresserrnRia.lOKAN Ki:)|TORrnHarold O.j. BrownrnCIRCl’IAI’ION MANAOh.RrnCindy I.inkrnI’UBIJSllI’.RrnFhe Roekford InstituternA publiL-.liidii of I lie Rockfoal Insiilntc.rnI^’-clitiiri;ll and Adxcrtisiiit^ Offices:rn928 (;illi Main Sliccl. Roekford. II, 61 lOrrn cbsik:: \”\\ .cliioiiiclcsinac^a/iiicorsirnI’dik.nal Phone: (M S,: y64-SIH4.rnAdxertlsiiig Phone: i,S|yi%4oSrxrnSnhseripHoii ne]Mrtnienl: P.O Box S(K),rnXhuiiil Moms. ILf.lilH c:all hS(H)-8:7o4s4.rnOopxTight 1 ‘2(1(11 h Pile Roekford hrsHhite,rnAll righis resered.rnCJironnti’v. MuL^iiznic of .iuerKrn! (.lultincrn(ISS (l’SS7-i7sl) rs pnhli.shed moiiHilx for S’s’-J.OOrn(loreign .snhseriptions :idd SI 2 for sllriaee delien.rn$48 for ir Mail! per ear h T h e Roekford Inslilute.rn’)28 N,.rth Main Street. Roekford. II, dl KIs-‘IKd.rnPrelerrr-d periodie;il ]>oslage pairl at Roekiorrl. I!,rnand addition:il ni:iiling offices. POS IM.VS’I [R:rnSend :idili-e,ss changes to CIminich, P.O. Box SOO.rnMonnt Morns. II, 61(1^4.rn’I’he views expressed in Chmiuck’s :ire tliernauthors’ alone and do not necess;iril reflectrnthe ie\s ofd he Roekford liistitnte or of itsrndirec tors. I aisolic iti d niannscripls caiinni hernreturned nnlcss accompanied h ,i self-addressedrnst:iiiiped emelope.rnChroniclesrn()l 2 – . II (neiiil>ri :(llllrnI ‘ l l l l l r d i n i l i c l lllllslSl.llo,,! IIRTKMrnPOLEMICS & EXCHANGESrnOn Fearl Harborrn\ experiences aboard a NaA aircraftrncarrier that often entered and departedrnPearl Harbor, each time pas.sine; bv therntl.S.S. Arizona, oerrode George Mc-rnCartne’s reie\ of Pearl Harbor (In thernDark, -ngiist). I think the fihn is ontstandingrn—indeed, one of the best of itsrnkind eer produced.rnIt splendidb teaches histor to Americanrngenerations that know ahnost nothingrnabout World War IL I know of nornother major fihn that presents tfic f^aglernSc[uadrons, .American |)ilots —almost allrnof whom were ciilians (mclnding nnrnconsin) —who ‘oluntccred to fl’ for thernRoal Air Force in the Battle of Britain. Ifrnan American pilot in an Eagle Sc|nadronrn(snch as Ben Affleck’s Rafc) snriedrncombat, there wonld liae been nothingrnunusual in his returning to his old squadronrnin die Arm Air Corps. (My cousinrndid not suri’e. lie was killed in combatrnwhile t1ing for the R.A.F. oer France inrnearlv 1942.)rnThe film’s center is, of course, die attackrnon f^earl I lad)or. Those scenes werernpowcrfulb’ enhanced b} the precedingrntransition from outhful innocence (suchrnas die ])os pla ing baseball when tlie attackingrnplanes flew by) to immediate, terriblerndeath for men who were often onh’rna few ears older than those bos.rnDr. McCartney dismisses die delugernof radio traffic die Japanese deliberatcbrnlaunched to hide their fleet’s moxemeiitrntoward Pearl ILuTor, saing that our mibrnitar-intclligcnee personnel “c[uite easily”rnread Japanese codes as earl as 1940.rnPhis is wide of die mark, and it seems tornconfuse “more casih read” open radiorntraffic/chatter with encoded messages.rnIn breaking encoded Japanese messages,rnthe Army’s Signal IntelligencernScrice and die NaA’s C’ode and SignalrnSection were magnificent. One of diernironies surrounding Hie attack on PearlrnIIad)or is diat the United States profitedrnso little from one of die greatest cryptoanabticalrnfeats of all liistor. No fault of anyrnkind can be assigned to the eodel)reakers.rnGeneralK, Arnu’ and Na\- codcbreakcrsrnbroke die Japanese “Purple C’ode,”rnwhich was used for the highest level ofrndiplomatic messages. Before the attackrnon Pearl Flarbor, howccr, die- were lessrnsnceessfiil in breaking the Japanese naalrncodes, cspeeialK’ the five-digit code thatrnwent into use in 1941. Some ]3arts werernbroken, but the Japanese changed it onrnI^eccmber 4, 1941, and it became imrcadablernuntil well after the attack.rnDr. McCartney suggests that Rooseveltrnwas slighti’ complieit or culpablernbecause, although not wanfing die PearlrnHarbor attack, he hoped for a “le.sser assardtrnin die Pacific,” which would lead tornthe declaration of war he desired. Phis isrnan inadequate anaKsis. The quesfion isrnnot “Wliat did FDR know and w hen didrnhe know it?” but “What did the Rooseveltrnaduunistration know and when did itrnknow it?” l l i e Venona Papers demonstraternthat kcv people in the administrationrnknew that Japan would attack thernLhiited States, and the” participated inrnpoliev’ development and proposals thatrnassured Japan’s attack. ‘Plic’acted on behalfrnof the Soviet Union because thevrnwere communist .spies who made certainrndiat die United States would have policiesrnas ho.sfile to Japan as possible. ‘Pheserncommunist spies, so high up in the administration,rnchanged the course ofrnWorld War II and ]Drobablv caused thernwar to become worldwide.rnThe nurses in Pearl Harbor completernthe film. ‘1 hev were v onng and bcautifiil.rnThev w ere in love or wanted to be. hi firernmovie, drey were treated with chivalrvrnand genuine respect, ‘i’he gentle andrnabiding love that developed —a love diatrnbears all, hopes all, endures all, diat surpassesrnwar itself—that love alone willrncause a man to resist deadi and live on.rnMen will not die for a president whornholds a cigarette jauntih in his mouth orrnfor some senator stufted vvidi bean souprnin die Senate Dining Room. A man willrnfight and die for his fainilv, or his friendrno – _ _rnill combat, or for die mcmorv of a girlrnwhom he believes is in mortal peril.rn,t rile close (A Pearl I larbor, after all ofrnthe chaos, riie terrible iiijurv’ and death inrngoveriiiiieiit-creatcd war, a beautifulrnchild is born. . new life and a new hopernin a child who came from a transcendentrnlove —diat is wordi fighting and dvingrnfor. Members of iiiv generafion did justrndiat. In 1941 at Pcad Pladior, even manrnand woman did diat. Phis film is a greatrntribute to riiciii, as it should be.rn— William /”. HancvrnJndianapolis, INrn4/CHRONICLESrnrnrn