who teach her about the things a childnneeds to learn in growing up: courage,nthe ability to love and give, and reason.nShe also learns about bogus adults likenOz, who is only pretending to annauthority he does not possess: Bewarenof children masquerading as adults. Itnteaches her about good and evil: therenare good witches and evil witches. Innthe beginning of the movie, Dorothyncomplains about her life in Kansas —nreality — and dreams of escapen(“Somewhere over the rainbow”). Bynthe end of her journey, she returns tonKansas with a greater appreciation ofnthe adult world. She is growing up. InnE.T. all of this is turned on its head.nThe suburban family has been abandonednby the father. Men in generalnare ominous. The mother is nice butnineffectual; she is not an adult. Thenugly creature from outer space confirmsnthe message that older people arenthe enemies of children, that all virtue,nresourcefulness, and sensitivity residenwith children. It is a flight from adulthoodnthat is both sentimental and cynical.nThe old movies lent credence to thenold-fashioned idea that, whatever theirnsimilarities, men are men and womennare women, that there are such thingsnas masculinity and femininity. Femininenand masculine traits complementednand strengthened each other. Thenmore feminine a woman was, the morenshe drew out the protective nature of anman; the more masculine he was, thenmore he drew out her femininity. Thenkey point is that the old order allowednand encouraged a man and a womannto give themselves to each other, bodynand soul. The old films that endedntriumphantly with a wedding were notnunrealistic. The most natural way for anwoman to fulfill herself and enter thenadult world was by marrying and havingna child. Men desired women; womenndesired to be desired. There wasnnothing demeaning in all this. It didnnot diminish the woman, turn her intonchattel. Marriage allowed her a safenway to become a wise adult womannand to pass on her wisdom and experiencento her children. This, said thenmovies of 40 or 50 years ago, was thenroad to happiness for women.nNot every woman in the old moviesnwas feminine, but consider the widenvariety of feminine types: Carole Lombard,nMae West, Ingrid Bergman, RitanHayworth, and Grace Kelly. EvennMargaret Dumont in the Marx Brothersnmovies wanted only to give herself,nbelieve it or not, to Groucho. Contrastnthis with the characters played by thennew actresses, who make themselvesnunattractive by their contempt fornmen: Jill Clayburgh, Susan Anspach,nMeryl Streep, Patricia Hodge, JessicanLange, for example. Diane Keaton’snNEWFROMnTWAYNEnPUBLISHERSnThenConservativenMovementnPaul Gottfried and Thomas FlemingnAppearing in a crucial presidential electionnyear, this is a timely analysis of onenof the most powerful political and socialnforces in America. It is the first objectivencritical approach to the conservativenmovement, clarifying its ideologies,ngoals, impact, differences with liberalism,nand growth from 1945 to 1987.nQuoting politicans, lobbyists, journalistsnand intellectuals — including Burke,nBuckley, Kirk and many others —nscholars Gottfried and Fleming clearlynoutline the characteristics of conservatism:nan anti-Soviet stance, advocacy ofnunlimited material opportunity, andnexaltation of custom as the protector ofnsocial morality. A significant contributionnof this study is its expose of thenwomen (like Annie Hall) are not contemptuous,nbut their femininity is thatnof an insecure child. What they allnhave in common is that none of themncan give herself away to a man.nMen give themselves to women byntheir acts of gallantry and sacrifice. InnA Night to Remember (1958), thenmen let women and children go first,nwhile they stayed behind on the sinkingnmovement’s fragmentation. In theirnthought-provoking chapter on conservatism’snfuture after Reagan, the authorsnpredict that this fragmentation may benthe movement’s demise.nTable of Contentsn1. Forming a Worldview:nThe Conservatism of the Fiftiesn2. Before and After Goldwater:nConservatism in the Sixtiesn3. Ivory Tower/Ivory Gate:nThe Conservative Mind on Campusn4. Revolt of the Intellectuals:nThe Neo conservativesn5. Populist Rebellion: The New Rightn6. Postscript: Reagan and BeyondnBibliographic EssaynIndexnFeb. 1988 5>/^ x SV2 160 pp.n0-8057-9723-8 Cloth $18.95n0-8057-9724-6 Paper S 7.95nDYes, please send me The Conservative Movement by Paul Gottfried andnThomas Fleming at $18.95 Cloth (ISBN 797238) or $7.95 Paper (ISBN 797246)nYou must enclose payment with order. Total enclosed $nPayment Method: D Check enclosed (payable to C. K. Hall) D Visa D MC D AmExnCard# Exp. DatenSignature.nNamenAddress_nCity_ . State_ .Zip_nSend to: Twayne Publishers (A division of G. K. Hall)n70 Lincoln St. • Boston, MA 02111 or call TOLL-FREE 1-800-343-2806nnnJULY 1988143n