vided free air lanes for militaryrnplanes to Yugoslavia, and now wernmust identify ourselves with arnwar against a neighboring country.rnI was in favor of Hungaryrnjoining NATO, and I’m glad NATOrnwill protect us against externalrnenemies . . . Two years ago, hundredsrnof thousands demonstratedrnagainst Milosevic in Belgrade’srnRepublic Square, demanding lawful,rnpluralist democracy. I wasrninvited to speak to the studentsrnand was surrounded by intelligent,rnenthusiastic faces andrnclever slogans on billboards.rnToday, in this same square, perhapsrnthe same people are demonstratingrnagainst NATO aggression.rnKonrad stated that the West’s actions inrnYugoslavia reflect “not merely the arrogancernof power but a fundamental misunderstandingrnof the Balkans”:rn[T]he West was glad to see Yugoslaviarncut into parts. It forgotrnthat the collapse of a federalrnstate with its restrainingrnframework would make ethnicityrnthe chief principle of orientationrnfor individuals. On landrnwhere the population is mixed,rnhowever, the principle turnsrnneighbors who have lived togetherrnin peace into enemies. As separatismrnwas legitimized, recognized,rneven guaranteed by the internationalrncommunity, newlyrnindependent member republics beganrnworking with all theirrnstrength on the ethnic homogenizationrnof their own nationalrnconsciousness, forging it throughrnblood relations and strengtheningrnit with religion. . . . they beganrnto feel that members of otherrnethnicities were foreign bodiesrnin the new nation. “Ethnicrncleansing” originated from thisrnfuror of self-homogenization.rnOutside Europe—notably in the twornmost populous countries of the world, Indiarnand China—similar sentimentsrnabound. The Times of India, the eminentlyrnsecular voice of India’s political establishment,rnpublished a long editorial onrnApril 29 that accurately reflected thernalarm in Delhi:rnAs the North Atlantic Treaty Organisationrnenters the 51st yearrnof its existence, the alliance isrnin danger of becoming the nextrncentury’s “sick man of Europe’,rnmore a source of instability andrnconflict on the continent than arnbeacon of peace and tranquillity.rnSo far has NATO drifted from itsrnoriginal stated aim of collectivernself-defence that the rest of thernworld has genuine reason to fearrnits future direction. The callousnessrndisplayed towards civilianrnlives in Yugoslavia, the Orwellianrnlanguage used to justifyrnthis, and the deliberate bombingrnof Serbian TV stations in an attemptrnto censor the broadcast ofrnscenes of destruction caused byrn’smart bombs’ also raise disturbingrnquestions about the robustnessrnof the organisation’s democraticrncredentials.rnThe view from Peking was summarizedrnby Yang Dazhou, a senior fellow atrnthe U.S. Institute, Chinese Academy ofrnSocial Sciences. In an article in Asiaweekrn(April 30), he argued that “the North AtlanticrnTreaty Organization is wagingrnwholly unjustified war against Yugoslavia”:rnThe pretext for NATO’s action wasrnto “prevent a humanitarian disasterrnfrom occurring in Kosovo.”rnBut before the bombings, therernwas no humanitarian disaster inrnterms of a refugee outflow. Therndisaster was caused by NATO. Itsrnleaders mistakenly believe thatrnmodeim weapons can solve everything.rnBy now war fever has setrnin and nothing will stop the NATOrnmachine. It will not allow arnSerbian-Kosovar dialogue. (Asrnfor the suppression of the KosovornLiberation Ainry, this is legitimate.rnLet me ask: What aboutrnBritain’s attacks against thernIrish Republican Army?)rnA n English-language publication basedrnin Moscow, the fortnightly E x i l e , publishedrna long-overdue feature on the mysteriousrncareer of William Walker, thernAmerican diplomat whose actions havernmaterially contributed to the war (“MeetrnMister Massacre,” April 22):rn[I]f William Walker is not a CIArnagent, he’s done a very bad jobrnof not looking like one. Judgernfor yourself; Walker spent mostrnof his long career in the foreignrnservice in Central and SouthrnAmerica, including a highly controversialrnposting as DeputyrnChief of Mission in Honduras inrnthe early 1980s, exactly the timernand place where the Contra rebelrnforce was formed.rnIn 1985, Walker was promoted to thernpost of deputy assistant secretary of staternfor Central America. This promotionrnmade him a special assistant to AssistantrnSecretary of State Elliott Abrams, a figurernwhose name would soon be making itsrnway into the headlines in connection withrnthe Iran-Contra affair:rnAccording to information containedrnin Independent CounselrnLawrence Walsh’s lengthy indictmentrnof Abrams and Oliver North,rnWalker was responsible for settingrnup a phony himianitarian operationrnat an airbase in Ilopango,rnEl Salvador. This shellrnorganization was used to funnelrnguns, ammunition and supplies tornthe Contra rebels . . . Despiternhaving been named in Walsh’s indictmentrn(although he was neverrncharged himself) and outed in therninternational press as a gunrunner.rnWalker’s diplomatic careerrndid not . . . take a turn for thernworse. . . . [I]t kept on advancing.rnIn 1988, he was named ambassadorrnto El Salvador, a staternwhich at the time was still inrnthe grip of U.S.-sponsored staternterror.rnThe authors contrast Walker’s currentrnposture of moral disgust toward Serbianrn”ethnic cleansing” with “the almost comicallyrncallous indifference he consistentlyrnexhibited toward exactly the same kindsrnof hate crimes while serving in El Salvador”:rnIn late 1989, when Salvadoranrnsoldiers executed six Jesuitrnpriests, their housekeeper, andrnher 15-year-old daughter, blowingrntheir heads off with shotguns.rnWalker scarcely batted an eyelid.rnWhen asked at a press conferencernabout evidence linking thernkillings to the Salvadoran HighrnCommand, he went out of his wayrn26/CHRONICLESrnrnrn