looked almost too small to shoulder a gun.” Another visitornin the Old South counted 13 “guns hung up along thenrafters” of a two-room log cabin.nSoutherners were not “bookish.” Formal educationnmeant less to them and their Celtic ancestors than learningnto master their natural environment. The Southern womanndescribed by a traveler as “sitting with a pipe in her mouth,ndoing no work and reading no books” would doubtless havenagreed with the Southern man who, when asked by anYankee if he liked to read, replied: “No, it’s damn tiresome.”nIt has been said, only partly in jest, that more Southernersnwrote books than read them.nNeither Celts nor their Southern descendants regardedntheir ways as unusual or reprehensible. The lazinessnand lack of ambition that good Englishmen and Yankeesnconsidered deplorable were viewed differently by traditionalnCelts and antebellum Southerners. They delighted in theirnlivestock culture and their comfortable customs. To themnbeing lazy did not mean being indolent, shiftless, slothful,nand worthless; it meant being free from work, having sparentime to do as they pleased, being at liberty, and enjoyingntheir leisure. They saw no point in working when theirnlivestock would make their living; they thought anyone whonworked when he did not have to was crazy. Nor did they seenany reason to have more than they could eat, or drink, ornwear, or ride. Unlike conscientious Englishmen or Northerners,nwhen Celts and Southerners said they were beingnlazy, they were not reproaching themselves, but merelyndescribing their state of comfort. They suffered no guiltnwhen they spent their time pleasantly—hunting, fishing,ndancing, drinking, gambling, fighting, or just loafing andnTake a Fascinating JourneynInto ttie Heart of America’snReligious Spiritnt)u are invited to take a look at America’s most influential journal devotednto the vital relationship between religion and public affairs.nHere’s your opportunity to join the exceptional men and women who arenparticipating in one of the most critical debates raging in America… thendebate over the role of religion in today’s society and our public life. Like nonother reading experience you’ve ever encountered, THIS WORLD: A JournalnOf Religion and Public Life is an intriguing, revealing journey into the heartnof America’s religious spirit!nBut don’t just take our word for it. See for yourself by trying THIS WORLDnon an introductory, trial basis.nOrder Now and Save $5.00nMail this coupon and open a full-year’s introductory subscription of fournquarterly issues for only $ 15. That’s $5 off the basic subscription rate – whichnis just like getting one, huge, 150-page insight-packed issue absolutely free!nWhat’s more, if you are not completely satisfied with THIS WORLD, younmay cancel for a fiiU, prompt refund on all unmailed copies.nDon’t delay. To receive your first issue as quickly as possible, send yourncoupon in today!ntalking.nThese are not the characteristics that make great empires,nand no Celtic society ever made one, but the Celtic-nSouthern way has two redeeming virtues. First, whennoutsiders supply the discipline and constancy, Celts arencapable of mighty achievements, as British history hasnshown. Even under the unimaginative rule of England, thenIrish and the Welsh produced an almost endless number ofnpoets and playwrights, actors and musicians; and the Scots,nfor more than two centuries, kept the United Kingdomnsupplied not only with its best fighting men but also with itsnmost brilliant philosophers, physicians, scientists, and engineers.nThe Celtic contribution in America has been no lessnprofound.nThe other virtue may be more valuable. We are finallynbeginning to realize that modern industrial society, for all itsnmaterial benefits, was purchased at a staggering cost in thenform of alienation, depersonalization, regimentation, andnbureaucratization. Southerners knew that all along; theynresisted the building of such a civilization. And in theirntraditional life-style there is a lesson that others might profitnfrom, a lesson having to do with orienting your life towardnleisure rather than toward achievement. Perhaps it is betternto go hunting and fishing than to work nine-to-five in annoffice or a factory. Perhaps it is more important to visit andntalk with friends and family than to get the job done. Perhapsnit is more rewarding to know the joys of dreaming andnbragging than to know the frustrations and heartache ofnattempting to accomplish. As a 20th-century American thenauthor has been conditioned to believe otherwise, but as anborn and bred Celt Southerner he suspects that he is wrong.n<^nnnr’n•nsuuMiJi im axnThisWoridnA Journal of Religion and Public LifenThe 1988 Erasmus LecturenJtySEfH CAUDtNAL KATZINGEKnSOLUCmjDO REISOCIALIS—A SYMPOSIUMn/lUtmSmnrtmtMt^miTiklkUli AmlnnitnErhioiiMcam’rmrwyr.nIH|| 1 jl THE BOOKSHELF ^J ^ nmm •^’SSF=^- LLnINTRODUCTORY SAVINGS OFFERnf^^ Open my introductory trialnY t o ! subscription to THIS WORLDn(four quarterly issues) for only $15-1 save $5noff the basic subscription rate. If I am notncompletely satisfied, I may cancel for a full,nprompt refund on all unmailed copies.nD Payment enclosed D Please bill me.nCITY STATE ZIPnMail to: THIS WORLD, P.O. Box 448, Mt. Morris, IL 61054 T893nMARCH 1989/15n