PERSPECTIVErn–r _ -rn’ — – Crn— _ ^^ ~- -_~:::rn-~0.rn-^ trn•”^^rn?”-~^ -rnrZ”^–rn— _ ~*^-__ ~ —rn_ _ _ H — .rn_— •”- — *â„¢-“‘rn- ^ ^ •”rn^ = 7 – /J^rn^^ngt):.’rnj ^ P ; ••!-•-1?^rn/ ? ? •;•”•’.’.’*rn-•^Si^-“‘^”’rnir%rnItelrn^rn^ft v’ ‘^rn- ~ ~II-rn— . “”_ _ — ~1^rn- ~rn^ – —”~rnurt!T7Tf?rn^S*”^’ • T*-^rn^:^3i’*2r’rnj||:rn)’^;rrn^ i ‘ l iirn<-sfyrn% ? ‘ .rn-rn^rn_ ^~”_rn- 1 ~ ~rn^ 1 ^rn;>-.^:.::3/??rn-‘-•j:li^i\rnS^-‘;”J^-;’rn•^•’^Njite,rnA ‘.’ff^-‘lTVrn#1rn^ • • § yrnA0”^.rnh’-~, r* •rnt?’/ii^’rnTV^’^’Jirn^ ‘ ^^ ^rn^ t – Srn; 1 ‘•!>•’/•’:-• % l v ^ l ‘ ^ F A Irn• * ^iii^^*lti””-”’TF^rn•’• rO^’^t’* ^fV”’rn#^^vit^-W^rn?’3”’^^’^rn^-^^•L-‘y/’Mirn’•’•i^W W W[V. W’;-rn^9fc SS^N^il’;-^^^rn^iii^^lt/ornSiii^”^ “”:.”rn- n . “rn— – ^ • * ‘ * ” ^rn— jr-=^’~~”_rrn’^- – — ~ “^ . _-_–_.__rn_-:rrn’ krn krn’^9rn9’rnP F ‘_-^rn-=r -^_.rn~ — – r – ^ 1—rnw- 1rnsrn–“=:rn- — -rn”z. “-^rn”^ _” -— __ -~—-rn- ~s.rn’–rn– “-rn— —rn-“”-^rn_ — — ‘ ~zrn_ Irn— ~;^rn—rnThe Heart’s Geographyrnby Thomas FlemingrnItook out the atlas the other day to figure out the routes of thernvoyagers retraced by Jean Raspail on his first trip to the UnitedrnStates. In the event, it proved impossible to plot a French expeditionrnon a modern map of the United States. Maps are politicalrnabstiactions. They encourage us to take a god’s eye viewrnof where we are and who we are, a view that distorts the ungeographicalrnrealities of everyday life. My Anglophile wife, for example,rndrinks tea grown in India and imported from England.rnUngeographically, she is more at home in London than inrnChicago. Irish refugees from the potato famine settled in thernUnited States, not in England, because to the Irishman’s mind,rn”The shores of England are farther off in his heart’s geographyrnthan those of Massachusetts or New York.”rnOn a map, New York City is part of the United States (an absurdrnproposition), which are closer to Guatemala than they arernto England and France. But England and France are part ofrnme, not only of me as an individual but of me as American,rnwhereas Cuatemala is connected to us only by way of Spain,rnwhich is something of a detour. The American fondness forrnmaps encourages us to devise such abstractions as “WesternrnHemisphere” and “Pacific Rim,” and we are dazzled by theserninventions of our own imagination. The reality is that we arernpart of Europe, and in cutting the ties that bind us to our mother,rnwe are not growing up; on the contrary, we are acting likernthe spoiled adolescents who run off to New York and Los Angelesrnexpecting to find themselves and end up as prostitutes andrndrug addicts.rnEven in the best of times, it is hard to maintain the traditionsrnof civilized life. Cood manners and careful speech, decentrnfood and well-crafted art all require work and discipline. It isrneasier to say the first thing that comes into our heads, and mostrnof us are suckers for MSG-enhanced sweet and sour pork orrn”music” that is aimed directiy at the glands below the belt.rnCivilization is even harder to keep up when a Golden Age isrnpast. “Been there, done that” is our reaction to Mozart or monogamy.rnFor colonists, especially, there is the ever-pressingrntemptation to go native—wear comfortable clothes to churchrnor none at all to the beach, dine on Chicken MeNuggets orrngrandmother’s liver, slash tires for recreation — or count downrnthe last episodes oi Seinfeld.rnAristoxenus, the greatest music-theorist of antiquity, wasrncomplaining about musical decadence already in the laternfourth century B.C. He compared the plight of the conservativernmusic-lover with the fate of the unhappy people of Paestumrnwho had lost their Greek identity but once a year celebrated arnGreek festival during which “they recalled their ancient wordsrnand customs and after weeping and lamenting to each otherrnthey returned home.”rnGreeks from Sybaris (proverbial for its wealth and luxury) settledrnthe colony of Poseidonia (modern Paestum) south ofrnNaples about 600 B.C., but the pressures of immigration and assimilationrngradually eroded the “Greekness” of the inhabitantsrnof this and other Greek colonies planted in Hesperia (thernWest). More than one historian has pointed out the parallelsrnbetween the Greek cities of the ancient West (Sicily and SouthernrnItaly) and the British colonies of North America. Both becamernricher and more powerful than their mother countries,rnand both took a somewhat vulgar delight in their success. Byrnthe early fifth century, the western par’enus were picking uprnOlympic victories right and left (a very costiy hobby), and therntyrant of Syracuse was bold enough to insist upon the supremerncommand of Greek forces as the price of his participation in thernPanhellenic struggle against the Persians.rnBut Syracuse also became notorious for political instability,rnthe opportunists who arrived from all parts of the Mediterraneanrnworld proved incapable of maintaining a settled politicalrnorder. Their democracy quickly degenerated into mobrnrule, and tyrants like Dionysius and his son gave despotism arnlO/CHRONICLESrnrnrn