And on such subjects Carruth isngenerally very sound. In feet, his newncollection of criticism goes fer to provenwhat many people have long suspected:nthat he is perhaps one of our best contemporaryncritics of poetry. Carruth’snreviews are—with one or two exceptions—genuinenessays which say somethingnsignificant about some of the mostnimportant poets of our time. Moreover,nin many instances he uses the occasionnof his reviews to comment on the largernmovements in 20th-century poetry andnto define the essential nature of the artistrynand craft of verse. Thus he is bothnspecific in focus and broad in implication.nYet what is most impressive isnCarruth’s use of language—^his clear, unimpeachablenprose which, by its own integrity,nargues strongly for the truth ofnhis critical insights. In many ways thenmost difficult problem for the reviewernof poetry is finding a critical diction.nAfter all, a perceptive reader’s responsento a poem is complicated and hard to expressnin words. Consequently, too manyncommentators take the easy way out bynresorting to vague and breathlessnrhetoric advertising their own clevernessnand sensitivity but saying nothingnvery instructive or concrete about whatnthey’ve read: “Mr. So-and-So’s poetry isnredolent with the splendor of life itself,nwith the deep and abiding mystery ofnwhat is lovely and human and perishablenand, finally, true.”nA Utde of what Carruth says soundsnlike that, but a close examination of hisnlanguage reveals it as something slightiyndifferent and much more exact in itsnmeaning. For example: “Certainly thenpoet is motivated by a concern andnawareness that far transcend his privatencircumstances, and certainly his poem isntied very closely to the state of Americannsociety. It is a beautiftil poem, a convincingnpoem, and a poem of manifoldncultural and social uses.” In this summarynof his reaction to William CarlosnWilliams’s Paterson, Carruth is dealingnwith the larger range and sensibilities ofnthe poet, but his usual preoccupation isnwith diction and syntax or meter andnrhythm, the essential things that distinguishngenuine poetry.nOf course, Carruth himself is anpoet who understands what it means tonbe inside the poem looking out, rathernthan vice versa; such a perspective is notnabsolutely necessary to a good critic,nbut it helps him to get to importantnmatters more quickly and unerringly.nAlso, as a result of wrestling with the languagenof verse himself, Carruth is probablynmore aware of the sea change thatnhas taken place in poetry since the earlyn1950’s, when, according to some critics,nthe diction and syntax of poetry suddenly,norgasmically relaxed and the Age ofnEliot came to an overdue end. Carruthnsensed the necessity for such a changenHneven before the popular success of thenBeats, as did other established poetsnsuch as Berryman, Lowell, and RobertnPenn Warren. As early as the late 1940’snCarruth began to consider the dangersnand possibilities of a new poetic style,nand many of these essays are concernednwith such theoretical problems as theynreveal themselves in the specific poemsnof specific poets. For example, in reviewingnWallace Stevens he shows himselfnsympathetic with the best impulses inn20th-century “modernism,” and he isnhard on some of the newer voices: “Mr.nFerlinghetti claims to write for thenstreet, in the language of the street, yetnyou can hear on any street in this countrynlanguage more beautifiilly and meaningftillynand vigorously cadenced thannthis, even taking into consideration thenOCCASIONAL PAPERSnThe Rockford Institute presentsnthe latest two additions to itsnOccasional Papers series.n”The Family and the Free Economy”n”Capitalism needs the family. For the family transformsnthe base motivations and values of capitalismninto socially constructive and metaphysicallynmeaningful ends.”nThe editor of Persuasion At Work, Dr. Allan 0. Carlson, arguesnthat the nation’s economic difficulties and social difficulties maynbe the same problem.n”America’s Secret Life-Giving Weapon:nObservations on the Nuclear Freeze”n”It is the restrained and considerate behavior definednby the idealsof freedom that makes for peacefulnrelationships in a family, a neighborhood, a city,nor a world.”nDr. John A. Howard, president of The Rockford Institute, identifiesna surer road to peace than the popularized nuclear freeze.nAvailable tor 35