of democratic ideals) set in motionrnforces that transformed civilized societyrnand its concept of warfare. The authorrnasserts that for several hundred years priorrnto the French Revolution war hadrnslowly come to be limited and evenrnsomewhat humane. Armies were smallrnand comprised of professional soldiers,rnwar aims were tightly circumscribed,rnand, by and large, civilians were left unmolestedrnby battle. However, with therndawn of the age of nationalism and thernrise of democratic ideologies, armies expandedrnto enormous size, new technologiesrnoffered ever more efficientrnmethods of devastation, and, perhapsrnmost significantly, the passions of civilianrnpopulations were inflamed, and thusrnmobilized, through the medium of propaganda.rnDemocratic warfare aimed at thernobliteration not only of the enemy’s militaryrnforces but of his government andrnnoncombatants, along with their homesrnand places of work. “Unconditional surrender”rnbecame a watchword, and warrnwas once again “total.” Moreover, Fullerrnremarks, this cycle of amplified brutalityrnappears to have no end: from thernNapoleonic Wars springs the Franco-rnPrussian War; the Franco-Prussian Wirrngives birth to the First World War; thatrncatastrophe, in turn, leads to vet anotherrnworld war; the Second World Warrnsets the stage for the Cold War, and sornon. Each new war, though it held forthrnpromises of decisive results and lastingrnpeace (“the war to end all wars,” “thernwar to make the worid safe for democracy,”rnetc.), served instead to usher in arnfresh and more barbarous sequel. Onlyrnwith the Cold War did the universal savageryrnseem slightly to abate, and that,rnaccording to Fuller, came about onlyrnwith the development of weapons ofrnmass destruction and a threat to the existencernof both victor and vanquished.rnYet, even this is illusion. Our age, hernsays somberlv, is one of random terrorism,rnfierce regional conflicts, and permanentrnemergency: “Todav, fear of annihilatioirrngrips every heart; no longerrnare there any signs of stability, or feelingsrnof security, and, as bad, no bonds ofrnhonour or een of common decencyrnbind the nations together.”rnFuller, an avid reader of I’homas Carlyle,rnespoused the “great men” theoryrnof history. He therefore devotes muchrnof this book to leaders who have contributedrnto the shape of modern warfarernand determined the course of contemporar’rnevents: Napoleon, Moltke, Foch,rnLenin, Hitler, Churchill, and Stalin,rnamong others. Clausewitz, “the fatherrnof modern war,” receives the most comprehensiverntreatment, “because he wasrnthe first and remains one of the few whorngrasped that war ‘belongs to the provincernof social life.'”rnThe Conduct of War received laudatoryrnreviews when it first appeared, ineludingrnone from another military historianrnand pioneer, Basil Henry LiddellrnHart, who considered it Fuller’s finestrnbook. It is indeed fascinating to read.rnLike all of Fuller’s historical works, thisrnbook is filled with a rich eloquence andrnvivid imagery that one does not usuallyrnexpect from the pen of a professionalrnsoldier. In addition, it is marked by anrnimpatience with and a contempt for therndelusions and banalities of our era andrnby astringent judgments against thernfeckless dilettantes and unscrupulousrnopportunists who have led a once greatrncivilization to the very edge of thernprecipice.rnFather James Thornton is anrnOrthodox priest, editor of OrthodoxrnTradition magazine, and arnresearch associate at the Center forrnTraditionalist Orthodox Studies inrnEtna, California.rnGREAT TOPICS, GREAT ISSUESrnReactionary Modernism—August 1992—rnThomas Molnar on Celine and Frenchrnreactionary modernism, Peter J. Stanlis onrnRobert Frost, J. O. Tate on Wyndham Lewis,rnand Larry Woiwode on Dos Passos. Plus DavidrnR. Slavitt on the novels of 1991. Justin Raimondornon Ayn Rand as plagiarist, Bill Kauffmanrnon Sinclair Lewis, and Chilton Williamson’srnreview of R. Emmett Tyrrell’s ThernConservative Crack-Up.rnRotten to the Core:—American Colleges—rnSeptember 1992—Thomas Fleming on literaturernand the curriculum debate, Robert Weissbergrnon the life of a campus conservative, E.rnChristian Kopff on a true classical curriculum,rnand student reports on political correctness atrnthe University of Florida, Grinnell College,rnand Georgetown University. Plus LaurarnRogers’ expose of the Parents as Teachers programrnand Lawrence Uzzell’s review of ChesterrnFinn’s latest reforms.rnBACK ISSUES ORDER FORMrnEach issue $S.50 (postage and handling included)rnTitlernREACTIONARY MODERNISMrnROTTEN TO THE CORErn1492—ITALIANS AND AMERICArnDaternAUGUST 1992rnSEPTEMBER 1992rnOCTOBER 1992rnQty.rn1492—Italians and America—Octoberrn1992—Christie Davies on blamingrnColumbus, E. Christian Kopff on MargaretrnFuller in Rome, Chilton Williamson onrnpseudoscholarship about Columbus, andrnSamuel Francis on The Godfather asrnpolitical metaphor. Plus Thomas Flemingrnon Italy and the changing frontier, David R.rnSlavitt on the life of Lorenzo Da Ponte, andrnThomas O. Jones on Columbus’ descendantsrnin America.rnCostrnTotal EnclosedrnNamernAddressrnMail wilh check to: Chronicles * 934 North Main Street * Rockford, IL 61103rn38/CHRONICLESrnrnrn