waged on behalf of Christian or biblical values that the liberalrnleft scorns and seeks to remove from public life. We are alsornwarned to protect ourselves against a New Wodd Order, whichrnthreatens an identity that is treated as more or less apodictic.rnThe reality is far messier. The identity being assumed is farrnfrom obvious to most voters who, if the polls are accurate, carernmore about material concerns than either national sovereigntyrnor moral identity. Though cultural issues have intrinsic importance,rnin the United States they are still attached to what isrnonly a protest movement. Unlike the populism of the 1890’s,rnrooted in the Plains and in the South, today’s populists do notrnhave a regional base or even a memory of decentralized government.rnMy point is not to run down the only populist alternativernAmericans have thus far been able to rear up against the federalrnbehemoth. Despite its defects, this populism does providernan insurgency against rule by “buzzing fax machines in D.C.”rnIts representatives, moreover, raise a critical question aboutrncitizenship: whether authentic democracy is compatible withrnhaving citizens socialized by those who are supposed to be theirrnservants. The populists keep reminding us that there is an honorablerndemocratic right to reject immigration and seal one’srnborders. On all these points and more, the Buchananites havernchallenged the “prepolitical” paradigm of democracy. Thernmanagerial state under which we and they live has not broughtrnabout the “end of ideology.” Instead, it has given us thoughtrncontrol, together with soaring public debts and growing dependencernon the public sector. For all of their flailing about,rnBuchanan and his followers at least know what ails our politicalrnlife.rnBut American populists must move beyond mere protestrnpolitics. They will have to come up with something else forrnwhat they intend to replace, and this will be a far more arduousrntask then sparring with overwrought journalists or respondingrnto Bill Safire’s hyperboles. In Milan, a committee of legal andrnconstitutional scholars undertook in 1981 to draft regional alternativesrnto the Italian republic. Their completed work hasrnserved as the blueprint for a constitutional proposal in whichrnhistorical regions are to be given back a high degree of selfgovernment.rnRight now the Italian assembly is considering thisrnproposal. Though an Italian project cannot be wholly transferredrnto the American context, it does suggest possibilities forrnan improved American populism. Like Italian populists, Americanrnones should insist that true self-government can only workrnterritorially. It is about devolution of power—and not aboutrnconquering the world for a “democratic” empire. It is alsornabout citizens controlling their own population, as opposed tornthe ideal of open borders. In a recent syndicated column, BenrnWattenberg accused Buchanan (and by implication, his followers)rnof being “a democracy trasher feasting on the fruits ofrndemocracy.” The best response is not a sneer but the initiationrnof a public debate about the meaning of democracy. Buchanan’srnrespectful opponents are inviting him to engage in such arndiscussion, and the presentation of views, if one is to be given,rnshould be worthy of the occasion. trn^ E ^EGNERY LECTURES ^^rn1 he Rockford Institute is pleased to announce its “Regnery Lectures” audiotape ^K f/’-‘S-^’.rnseries. Named in honor of Rockford Institute board member and longtime ^f -^^—Ji”^rnsupporter Henry Regnery, this series will capture for posterity the voices and wl^^^Kk 1rnwords of important political and cultural figures. Tgc “”3f JrnFor only $9.95, shipping and handling included (a savings of $2.55 off the regular fe. W^Mrnprice of $12.50), you will receive a tape of John Lukacs’ recent lecture, jrtHJj^^Brn”To Hell With Culture: What Is It That We Must Conserve?” Hear one of ^ J H k ^ lHrnthe staunchest defenders of Western civilization skewer the ..^^^^^k TPrnpseudoconservatism of the Beltway establishment. jlj^^^^^^Mk J|rnTO ORDER, SEND CHECK OR MONEY ORDER, MADE ^ | ^ H H ^ ^ |rnPAYABLE TO “THE ROCKFORD INSTITUTE,” TO: ^ ^ ^ ^ H ^ H HrnREGNERY LECTURES i ^ ^ ^ H I ^ ^ ^ BrnTHE ROCKFORD INSTITUTE, ^ ^ ^ ^ H H ^ ^ Hrn934 N. MAIN ST., ROCKFORD, IL 61103-7061 A B ^ ^ H j ^ H ^ IrnTapes are also still available of the Institute-sponsored debate ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ H | ^ ^ H | ^1rnbetween Howard Phillips and David Keene on the important B ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ I ^ ^ ^ ^ I ^Hrnelection-year question: “Should Conservatives Leave the ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ H ^ ^ ^ ^ ^MrnRepublican Party?” It, too, can be obtained for $9.95. VHBHHIHHIHHIBIrn”„^0^SS^KmrnI ^ B ^ ^ A j ^ ^ ^rnj ^ ^ M ^ ^ ^ ^ g ^ ^ ^ Hrn24/CHRONICLESrnrnrn