secondary university, having swallowedrnup the original one,rnengages in systematic intimidation.rn. .. The first imposition, in thernclassroom, is merely an abuse of arnpower that generally may bernawarded by choice and in anyrnevent is not accomplished in secret.rnThe second imposition of thernshadow university is inescapablernand is an exercise in somethingrntruly chilling; a hidden, systematicrnassault upon liberty, including idealism,rndignit)’, due process, andrnequalit)’ before the law.rn.Man C. Kors is a professor of Europeanrnhistory at the University of Pennsylvaniarnand, unlike Harvey Silverglate—arnlong-time civil rights lawyer—views himselfrnas a conservative libertarian. Thernhorror stories which Kors and Silverglaternrelate in detail about gay, feminist, andrnblack racist bullying of students and facultyrnat the Lhiiversity of Pennsylvania,rnthe Universih’ of Delaware, Cornell, andrnother institutions of learning have receivedrnearlier publicity. But until thisrnbook shed light on the walled-ofif part ofrnuniversity life, few trustees and alumnirnknew much about these issues, if onlyrnbecause of the mendacious advertisingrnearmarked for such groups. Alumnirnpublications from Yale and Harvard fosterrnthe illusion that those universitiesrnhave changed only minimally in the lastrnseveral decades.rnKors and Silverglate believe that theirrndisagreeable research will force alumnirnand trustees to see their alma matersrnclearh’ and encourage them to restore tornthese institutions some measure of theirrnformer dignity. They argue that facultydemandedrn”hate speech” and “haternthought” codes are not simply concessionsrnto governmentally imposed guidelines.rnOnce in high gear, liberal arts facultiesrnand minorit)’ affairs deans ignorernjudicial decisions protecting free speech.rnIn one grotesque case, cited by Kors andrnSilverglate and featuring an art exhibit atrntlie University of Missouri, the EEO directorrnon campus ordered pictures takenrndown and then put back up, dependingrnupon his changing opinion of whetherrnthey depicted blacks “in a sufficientlyrnpositive light.”rnThe authors devote much —perhapsrntoo much—of their attention to the casernof Eden )acobowitz. An Orthodox Jewishrnstudent and descendant of holocaustrnsurvivors, Jacobowitz was temporarilyrnousted from the Universit)’ of PennsyKaniarnafter calling a noisy black girl a “waterrnbuffalo.” Like other white male studentsrnaccused of insensitivit}-, Jacobowitzrnwas made the object of hysterical maltreatment:rnHowever, he was able torncount on the support of the Anti-rnDefamation League, the ACLU, andrnother left-of-center, Jewish organizationsrnthat raised hell in his defense. The otherwisernflawlessly p.c. dean of the TemplernLaw School, Robert Reinstein, brokernranks to come to the aid of this son ofrnholocaust survivors. Jacobowitz told hisrnaccusers “that everything in his being,rnhis upbringing, and his religious commitmentsrnforbade racism,” but in suchrncases, the expressed beliefs of the accusedrnhardly matter. The simple truth isrnthat he was being railroaded from thernuniversity by govemmenf-sponsored bullies,rnwhile the black student groups involvedrnin his departure were playing arnpolitically profitable game by going afterrnhim. Wlien the forces arrayed against Jacobowitzrnin early 1993 turned on a gentile,rnGreg Pavlik, it was Kors who stoodrnup to them. That this stiidcnt newspaperrneditor who refused to lie about black violencernon campus managed to suni’e atrnthe University of Pennsylvania ma^ havernbeen entirely due to Kors’ intervention.rnDespite the unflattering but altogetherrnaccurate portrayal of the p.c. epidemicrnat the University of Pennsylvania, andrnthe shocking exhibition of minority-kov’-rntowing given by its president, ClintonbackerrnSheldon Hackney, one doubtsrnthat Penn’s “betrayal of liberty” or ofrnscholarship will cost it any shidents. Peoplernwill continue to appiv there inrndroves, despite the lack of due processrnand the prevalent Star Chamber techniquesrnthat mark the imiversity’s handlingrnof cases involving minorityrngrievances. There are social and professionalrnadvantages to attending and graduatingrnfrom prestigious institutions, andrnno matter how strongly critics like Korsrnrage against them, the tangible value ofrnattending certain schools will, for manvrnpeople, overshadow the truly alarmingrnsituation described in The Shadow Vniversit}’.rnPaul Gottfried is a professor of humanitiesrnat Elizabethtown College in Elizahethtown,rnPennsylvania, and the author,rnmost recently, of After Liberalism: MassrnDemocracy in the Managerial Statern(Princeton).rnHojotoho! Hojotoho!rnby Justin RaimondornThe Ayn Rand Cultrnby ]eff WalkerrnLa Salle, IL: Open Court Publishing;rn3% pp., $19.95rnWhat is it about Ayn Rand that sornfascinates her enemies as well asrnher admirers? Her hvo major novels, AtlasrnShrugged (1957) and The Fountainheadrn{9’^’i), are enduring pillars of popularrnculture. Her paeans to egoism makernNietzsche look like a piker, and, quiternunlike that sickly aesthete, she had a lifernas dramatic and eventftil as a Wagnerianrnopera, and there was about her the air ofrna Valkyrie. Some 15 years after her death.rnRand has become the object of renewedrnattention. Wliile the critics have alwaysrnhated Rand and academia shunned her,rnordinary people who do not know w^hat isrngood for them buv over half a millionrncopies of her books each vear. Anythingrnwith her name on it is monev in the bankrnfor publishers, authors, and hawkers ofrnRand memorabilia, and lately the marketrnhas been going up. It was inevitablernthat Hollywood would get in on the action,rnand two Rand films have alreadyrnbeen made, including a Showtimernmovie entitled The Passion of Ayn Rand,rnscheduled for release before this issue ofrnChronicles hits the stands. The movie isrnbased on the part-hagiographic, parthateful,rnand entirely self-sening memoirrnof her ex-disciple, Barbara Branden, whornrecently turned a cool million-plus byrnauctioning off her collection of Randrnmemorabilia. In true Randian fashion,rnher ex-husband, Nathaniel Branden,rnonce Rand’s chief disciple, has engagedrnin none-too-friendly competition withrnBarbara to see who can profit more fromrnthe rise in Rand’s stock. So far, he seemsrnto be losing out: His own memoir, judgementrnDay —a sour grapes kiss-and-tellrnpotboiler that focuses not on Rand butrnon his own bombastic self—followedrnBarbara’s book and did not do as well.rnBut like one of Ayn Rand’s heroic entrepreneurs,rnwho delight in cutthroatrncompetition, Mr. Branden has not givenrnup: His book is being reworked and reissuedrnunder a more salable title: My YearsrnWith Ayn Rand.rnMAY 1999/31rnrnrn