(Russell Kirk, continued from page 19)nroad back to brutishness.nThere is always in cultural observance a little gesture ofnpiety, a recognition that there are higher demands on mannalong with the lower Then there is the further considerationnthat a culture is aprotection against fenaticism both of thenpolitical and the religious kind. If there is nothing but a vacancynbetween men and their political or religious ideal, thenresponse to this may be without the rationality and grace ofnmeasure Thus art and manners are seen to have a relation tonpolitics and religion, not teaching them in any simple or directnsense, but providing a bridge by which one is helped to passnRace and FreedomnThomas Sowell: The Economics andnPolitics of Race: An InternationalnPerspective; William Morrow; NewnYorif.nby Robert B. EckhardtnIf Valley Girls could read, ThomasnSowell’s book would gag them with thenfacts. The author, a Chicago-educatedneconomist now at the Hoover Institution,npresents his readers with a carefullynresearched book that is replete withnfacts about economics, politics, and race.nHe then goes on to show how the forcesnemanating from all of these realmsninteract to shape a reality isiiich is as fernfrom the platitudinous thinking ofnlimousine liberals as the United States isnfrom the shores of many of the world’snlands that have contributed migrants tonour richly diverse population.nIndicative of Sowell’s directness is hisncontention early on that there is nonworkable biological definition of race.nThis leads to a realization that mostnpeople do not grasp: that race is onlynincidentally or tangentially a biologicalnphenomenon, and is fer more enlighteninglynconceived of as a sociologicalnentity with profound economic as wellnas political implications. Sowell arguesnthis point admirably from a theoreticalnDr. Eckhardt is associate professor ofnbiological anthropology at PennsylvanianState University.nZOMMHHHHHHInChronicles of Culturen• THE LITERATURE OF ORDER .nstandpoint in his first chapter.nMy wife and I have four children, twonsons and two daughters. According tonoiar nomenclature the pairs are, respectively,nhomemade (the boys) and mallordern(the girls, sisters, having beennadopted together from Korea at agesnthree and five years). Physically andnphysiologically the girls are manifestlynAsian, and anyone with sufScient experiencenwould be able to place their originsnin the northern part of the continent.nThey have straight dark hair, broad laces,neyes with marked epicanthic folds, snubnnoses, limbs short in relation to theirnsturdy trunks, and an amazing tolerancenfor cold weather. While biologicallyneastern, how^ever, the girls are culturallynwestern. Here for nearly a decade, theynwear the teenage uniform of the dayn(typically jeans and some variety ofnstriped pullover shirt), discuss sportsnwith (to me) bewildering avidity, opinenunabashedly that boys of Asian ancestrynare “funny-looking,” and believe thatnrice—while suitable for throwing, dry, atnnewlyweds—^is not really fit for humannconsumption. Like their brothers, thengirls speak colloquial American English,nhave heard and spoken Spanish in highlandnPeru during trips for parental fieldnresearch, and have studied enoughnHebrew for the 13-year-old to have becomenBat Mitzvah.nOne of Thomas Sowell’s major pqintsnis that in an array of traits the biologicalnfeatures are less relevant to success innnnfrom one kind of cognition to another. This is the highestnreason of all for desiring to preserve the basis of our culture,nwhich we have now seen to be threatened by pseucloscientificnimages of man.nAmen to that. Through Augustine of Hippo, the literature ofnorder passed from the ancient world to the Christian world;nand on the darkling plain of our own time of troubles, let usnpray, there will stand firm men of letters and scholarshipncapable of expressing in ethical rhetoric those truths whichnseem scandalous to the nihilist and the ideologue. Dnlife than the cultural ones. He and I,nhowever much we may agree with eachnother in this belief, are nevertheless atnvariance with the law of the land as madenby the courts. Complications such as thenones that exist in my own family, andnwhich no doubt crop up in a good manynAmerican households these days, have noneffect on thepop biology racial classificationsnthat are created by social engineersnfor purposes of political expediency.nA prime example of one such arbitraryntaxonomic system is that used in thenmost recent U.S. census. If you recall, ournchoices were white; black; AmericannIndian/Eskimo/Aleut; Asian/Pacific Islander;nSpanish origin. No one who madenup such a classification could be accusednof having wasted much time studyingnhuman biology, genetics, history, orneven introductory logic. Does being ofnSpanish origin, for example, bar onenfrom having a skin color, the presumablenbasis for the categories black and white?nWhat cause could there possibly be fornseparating the three Asian-derived populationsnin the third category from theirnAsian parent stock? Why are the Asiansnother than those that beat the Europeansnand Africans to these shores groupedntogether with the even later arrivalsnfrom the Pacific Islands—^an incrediblynheterogeneous sample that gathers innnot only the Hawaiians and Samoans butnalso the black-skiimed Melanesians andneven the Pitcairn Islanders, exoticnhybrid descendants of the Britishn