Lee Congdon

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Solzhenitsyn and the Religion of Revolution
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Solzhenitsyn and the Religion of Revolution

The great Russian novelist Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn understood more clearly than most that the revolutionary spirit born in France was a perpetual revolution, one that would spawn revolutionary movements across the political spectrum and around the globe. During his exile in

Remembering Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
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Remembering Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

Ours is an age of politicization. No matter the problem, real or imagined, proposed solutions are always couched in the language of politics. No subject can be discussed without constant reference to its political ramifications. Whatever position a political leader

Freedom Is Slavery
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Freedom Is Slavery

“Too much liberty leads both men and nations to slavery.”
—Cicero

In a recent and provocative essay, Paul Gottfried described Eugene D. Genovese as a “hero of paleoconservative intellectuals.” No doubt this declaration qualified as news in some circles, for

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Neo-Alembics

In a spate of recent books, neoconservatives have rehearsed the drama of their radicalization and subsequent deradicalization. Typically the curtain rises on their active participation in, or engaged sympathy for, leftist movements of the 1960’s, and falls after they have

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Roots of Radicalism

“The purity of a revolution can last a fortnight.”
—Jean Cocteau

Magisterial works of history are almost always informed by a tragic sense of life. Some recall epochal transformations that were as lamentable as they were inescapable. Still others dramatize

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Caudillo and Generalissimo

“People will not look forward to posterity,
who never look backward to their ancestors.”

—Edmund Burke

Not long before his death on November 20, 1975, Francisco Franco asked a young aide if he thought Spain’s future was “inevitably democratic.” On

The War Against the West
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The War Against the West

“Better fifty years of Europe than a cycle of Cathay.”
—Tennyson

In our day the mere mention of imperialism is enough to provoke paroxysms of moral outrage. Except in derision, no one any longer dares to speak of the white

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The Re-Possessed

“In the end I shall have to renounce optimism.”
—Voltaire

Among other, more profound things, Dostoevski’s anti-revolutionary novel, The Possessed, is a withering dissection of liberal intellectuals. In its pages, liberals parade as hostile and irresponsible critics of

Guns, Butter, and Guilt
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Guns, Butter, and Guilt

“Guns will make us powerful; butter will only make us fat.”
—Hermann Goering

It is 40 years now since the Allies claimed victory over Germany and survivors on both sides made the first groping attempts to uncover the meaning of

The Aesthetics of Hate
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The Aesthetics of Hate

“Thus wit, like faith, by each man is applied To one small sect, and all are damned

beside.” 

-Alexander Pope

Pauline Johnson: Marxist Aesthetics: The Foundations Within Everyday Life for an Enlightened Con­sciousness; Routledge and Kegan Paul; London.

T. W.

Ideologues in Search of a Faith
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Ideologues in Search of a Faith

Most contemporary intellectuals reject Hilaire Belloc’s claim that the West must return to Christianity if it is to survive as a civilization. In their view, we live in an enlightened and disenchanted world that has left behind forever the integral

The Victory of Unvanquished Losers
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The Victory of Unvanquished Losers

The Passionate War: The Narrative History of the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939 by Peter Wyden; Simon and Schuster; New York.

History has not been kind to the radical left, not because modern revolutions have invariably failed, but because they have

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Self-Indulgence Made Simple

This starry-eyed reappraisal of two unhappy decades in our nation’s history serves as a sobering reminder that “the revolt of the masses” is far from over. Its author, deaf to any appeal to duty or civility, is an unabashed apologist

Of Communists and Marxists
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Of Communists and Marxists

Maurice Isserman is one of the more resilient members of the radical genera­tion that came of age during the 1960’s. Although his apocalyptic ambitions were frustrated, he refused to succumb to gloom, setting out instead in search of a “tradition